The Old Testament

Old Testament

Genesis

Exodus 

Leviticus 

Numbers 

Deuteronomy

Joshua

Judges 

Ruth 

1 Samuel 

2 Samuel 

1 Kings 

2 Kings 

1 Chronicles 

2 Chronicles 

Ezra 

Nehemiah 

Tobit 

Judith 

Esther 

1 Maccabees 

2 Maccabees

Job 

Psalms 

Proverbs 

Ecclesiastes 

Song of Songs 

Wisdom 

Sirach 

Isaiah 

Jeremiah 

Lamentations 

Baruch 

Ezekiel 

Daniel 

Hosea 

Joel 

Amos 

Obadiah

 Jonah 

Micah 

Nahum 

Habakkuk

Zechariah 

Malachi



The Book of Genesis 


[Genesis 1] {1:1} In the beginning, God created heaven and
earth. {1:2} But the earth was empty and unoccupied, and
darknesses were over the face of the abyss; and so the Spirit
of God was brought over the waters. {1:3} And God said,
“Let there be light.” And light became. {1:4} And God saw
the light, that it was good; and so he divided the light from
the darknesses. {1:5} And he called the light, ‘Day,’ and the
darknesses, ‘Night.’ And it became evening and morning, one
day. {1:6} God also said, “Let there be a firmament in the
midst of the waters, and let it divide waters from waters.”
{1:7} And God made a firmament, and he divided the waters
that were under the firmament, from those that were above
the firmament. And so it became. {1:8} And God called the
firmament ‘Heaven.’ And it became evening and morning,
the second day. {1:9} Truly God said: “Let the waters that
are under heaven be gathered together into one place; and let
the dry land appear.” And so it became. {1:10} And God
called the dry land, ‘Earth,’ and he called the gathering of the
waters, ‘Seas.’ And God saw that it was good. {1:11} And he
said, “Let the land spring forth green plants, both those
producing seed, and fruit-bearing trees, producing fruit
according to their kind, whose seed is within itself, over all
the earth.” And so it became. {1:12} And the land brought
forth green plants, both those producing seed, according to
their kind, and trees producing fruit, with each having its own
way of sowing, according to its species. And God saw that it
was good. {1:13} And it became evening and the morning,
the third day. {1:14} Then God said: “Let there be lights in
the firmament of heaven. And let them divide day from night,
and let them become signs, both of the seasons, and of the
days and years. {1:15} Let them shine in the firmament of
heaven and illuminate the earth.” And so it became.
{1:16} And God made two great lights: a greater light, to rule
over the day, and a lesser light, to rule over the night, along
with the stars. {1:17} And he set them in the firmament of
heaven, to give light over all the earth, {1:18} and to rule
over the day as well as the night, and to divide light from
darkness. And God saw that it was good. {1:19} And it
became evening and morning, the fourth day. {1:20} And
then God said, “Let the waters produce animals with a living
soul, and flying creatures above the earth, under the
firmament of heaven.” {1:21} And God created the great sea
creatures, and everything with a living soul and the ability to
move that the waters produced, according to their species,
and all the flying creatures, according to their kind. And God
saw that it was good. {1:22} And he blessed them, saying:
“Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea. And let
the birds be multiplied above the land.” {1:23} And it
became evening and morning, the fifth day. {1:24} God also
said, “Let the land produce living souls in their kind: cattle,
and animals, and wild beasts of the earth, according to their
species.” And so it became. {1:25} And God made the wild
beasts of the earth according to their species, and the cattle,
and every animal on the land, according to its kind. And God
saw that it was good. {1:26} And he said: “Let us make Man
to our image and likeness. And let him rule over the fish of
the sea, and the flying creatures of the air, and the wild beasts,
and the entire earth, and every animal that moves on the
earth.” {1:27} And God created man to his own image; to
the image of God he created him; male and female, he
created them. {1:28} And God blessed them, and he said,
“Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and
have dominion over the fish of the sea, and the flying
creatures of the air, and over every living thing that moves
upon the earth.” {1:29} And God said: “Behold, I have given
you every seed-bearing plant upon the earth, and all the trees
that have in themselves the ability to sow their own kind, to
be food for you, {1:30} and for all the animals of the land,
and for all the flying things of the air, and for everything that
moves upon the earth and in which there is a living soul, so
that they may have these on which to feed.” And so it
became. {1:31} And God saw everything that he had made.
And they were very good. And it became evening and
morning, the sixth day.
[Genesis 2] {2:1} And so the heavens and the earth were
completed, with all their adornment. {2:2} And on the
seventh day, God fulfilled his work, which he had made. And
on the seventh day he rested from all his work, which he had
accomplished. {2:3} And he blessed the seventh day and
sanctified it. For in it, he had ceased from all his work: the
work whereby God created whatever he should make.
{2:4} These are the generations of heaven and earth, when
they were created, in the day when the Lord God made
heaven and earth, {2:5} and every sapling of the field, before
it would rise up in the land, and every wild plant, before it
would germinate. For the Lord God had not brought rain
upon the earth, and there was no man to work the land.
{2:6} But a fountain ascended from the earth, irrigating the
entire surface of the land. {2:7} And then the Lord God
formed man from the clay of the earth, and he breathed into
his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul.
{2:8} Now the Lord God had planted a Paradise of
enjoyment from the beginning. In it, he placed the man
whom he had formed. {2:9} And from the soil the Lord God
produced every tree that was beautiful to behold and pleasant
to eat. And even the tree of life was in the midst of Paradise,
and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. {2:10} And a
river went forth from the place of enjoyment so as to irrigate
Paradise, which is divided from there into four heads.
{2:11} The name of one is the Phison; it is that which runs
through all the land of Hevilath, where gold is born;
{2:12} and the gold of that land is the finest. In that place is
found bdellium and the onyx stone. {2:13} And the name of
the second river is the Gehon; it is that which runs through
all the land of Ethiopia. {2:14} Truly, the name of the third
river is the Tigris; it advances opposite the Assyrians. But the
fourth river, it is the Euphrates. {2:15} Thus, the Lord God
brought the man, and put him into the Paradise of enjoyment,
so that it would be attended and preserved by him.
{2:16} And he instructed him, saying: “From every tree of
Paradise, you shall eat. {2:17} But from the tree of the
knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat. For in
whatever day you will eat from it, you will die a death.”
{2:18} The Lord God also said: “It is not good for the man to
be alone. Let us make a helper for him similar to himself.”
3
{2:19} Therefore, the Lord God, having formed from the soil
all the animals of the earth and all the flying creatures of the
air, brought them to Adam, in order to see what he would
call them. For whatever Adam would call any living creature,
that would be its name. {2:20} And Adam called each of the
living things by their names: all the flying creatures of the air,
and all the wild beasts of the land. Yet truly, for Adam, there
was not found a helper similar to himself. {2:21} And so the
Lord God sent a deep sleep upon Adam. And when he was
fast asleep, he took one of his ribs, and he completed it with
flesh for it. {2:22} And the Lord God built up the rib, which
he took from Adam, into a woman. And he led her to Adam.
{2:23} And Adam said: “Now this is bone from my bones,
and flesh from my flesh. This one shall be called woman,
because she was taken from man.” {2:24} For this reason, a
man shall leave behind his father and mother, and he shall
cling to his wife; and the two shall be as one flesh.
{2:25} Now they were both naked: Adam, of course, and his
wife. And they were not ashamed.
[Genesis 3] {3:1} However, the serpent was more crafty than
any of the creatures of the earth that the Lord God had made.
And he said to the woman, “Why has God instructed you,
that you should not eat from every tree of Paradise?”
{3:2} The woman responded to him: “From the fruit of the
trees which are in Paradise, we eat. {3:3} Yet truly, from the
fruit of the tree which is in the middle of Paradise, God has
instructed us that we should not eat, and that we should not
touch it, lest perhaps we may die.” {3:4} Then the serpent
said to the woman: “By no means will you die a death.
{3:5} For God knows that, on whatever day you will eat
from it, your eyes will be opened; and you will be like gods,
knowing good and evil.” {3:6} And so the woman saw that
the tree was good to eat, and beautiful to the eyes, and
delightful to consider. And she took from its fruit, and she ate.
And she gave to her husband, who ate. {3:7} And the eyes of
them both were opened. And when they realized themselves
to be naked, they joined together fig leaves and made
coverings for themselves. {3:8} And when they had heard the
voice of the Lord God taking a walk in Paradise in the
afternoon breeze, Adam and his wife hid themselves from the
face of the Lord God in the midst of the trees of Paradise.
{3:9} And the Lord God called Adam and said to him:
“Where are you?” {3:10} And he said, “I heard your voice in
Paradise, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and so I hid
myself.” {3:11} He said to him, “Then who told you that you
were naked, if you have not eaten of the tree from which I
instructed you that you should not eat?” {3:12} And Adam
said, “The woman, whom you gave to me as a companion,
gave to me from the tree, and I ate.” {3:13} And the Lord
God said to the woman, “Why have you done this?” And she
responded, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” {3:14} And
the Lord God said to the serpent: “Because you have done
this, you are cursed among all living things, even the wild
beasts of the earth. Upon your breast shall you travel, and the
ground shall you eat, all the days of your life. {3:15} I will
put enmities between you and the woman, between your
offspring and her offspring. She will crush your head, and
you will lie in wait for her heel.” {3:16} To the woman, he
also said: “I will multiply your labors and your conceptions.
In pain shall you give birth to sons, and you shall be under
your husband’s power, and he shall have dominion over
you.” {3:17} Yet truly, to Adam, he said: “Because you have
listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree,
from which I instructed you that you should not eat, cursed is
the land that you work. In hardship shall you eat from it, all
the days of your life. {3:18} Thorns and thistles shall it
produce for you, and you shall eat the plants of the earth.
{3:19} By the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, until
you return to the earth from which you were taken. For dust
you are, and unto dust you shall return.” {3:20} And Adam
called the name of his wife, ‘Eve,’ because she was the
mother of all the living. {3:21} The Lord God also made for
Adam and his wife garments from skins, and he clothed them.
{3:22} And he said: “Behold, Adam has become like one of
us, knowing good and evil. Therefore, now perhaps he may
put forth his hand and also take from the tree of life, and eat,
and live in eternity.” {3:23} And so the Lord God sent him
away from the Paradise of enjoyment, in order to work the
earth from which he was taken. {3:24} And he cast out
Adam. And in front of the Paradise of enjoyment, he placed
the Cherubim with a flaming sword, turning together, to
guard the way to the tree of life.
[Genesis 4] {4:1} Truly, Adam knew his wife Eve, who
conceived and gave birth to Cain, saying, “I have obtained a
man through God.” {4:2} And again she gave birth to his
brother Abel. But Abel was a pastor of sheep, and Cain was a
farmer. {4:3} Then it happened, after many days, that Cain
offered gifts to the Lord, from the fruits of the earth.
{4:4} Abel likewise offered from the firstborn of his flock,
and from their fat. And the Lord looked with favor on Abel
and his gifts. {4:5} Yet in truth, he did not look with favor on
Cain and his gifts. And Cain was vehemently angry, and his
countenance fell. {4:6} And the Lord said to him: “Why are
you angry? And why is your face fallen? {4:7} If you behave
well, will you not receive? But if you behave badly, will not
sin at once be present at the door? And so its desire will be
within you, and you will be dominated by it.” {4:8} And
Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let us go outside.” And when
they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel,
and he put him to death. {4:9} And the Lord said to Cain,
“Where is your brother Abel?” And he responded: “I do not
know. Am I my brother’s keeper?” {4:10} And he said to him:
“What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood
cries out to me from the land. {4:11} Now, therefore, you
will be cursed upon the land, which opened its mouth and
received the blood of your brother at your hand.
{4:12} When you work it, it will not give you its fruit; a
vagrant and a fugitive shall you be upon the land.”
{4:13} And Cain said to the Lord: “My iniquity is too great
to deserve kindness. {4:14} Behold, you have cast me out this
day before the face of the earth, and from your face I will be
hidden; and I will be a vagrant and a fugitive on the earth.
Therefore, anyone who finds me will kill me.” {4:15} And
the Lord said to him: “By no means will it be so; rather,
whoever would kill Cain, will be punished sevenfold.” And
the Lord placed a seal upon Cain, so that anyone who found
him would not put him to death. {4:16} And so Cain,
departing from the face of the Lord, lived as a fugitive on the
earth, toward the eastern region of Eden. {4:17} Then Cain
knew his wife, and she conceived and gave birth to Enoch.
And he built a city, and he called its name by the name of his
son, Enoch. {4:18} Thereafter, Enoch conceived Irad, and
4
Irad conceived Mahujael, and Mahujael conceived
Mathusael, and Mathusael conceived Lamech.
{4:19} Lamech took two wives: the name of one was Adah,
and the name of the other was Zillah. {4:20} And Adah
conceived Jabel, who was the father of those who live in tents
and are shepherds. {4:21} And the name of his brother was
Jubal; he was the father of those who sing to the harp and the
organ. {4:22} Zillah also conceived Tubalcain, who was a
hammerer and artisan in every work of brass and iron. In fact,
the sister of Tubalcain was Noema. {4:23} And Lamech said
to his wives Adah and Zillah: “Listen to my voice, you wives
of Lamech, pay attention to my speech. For I have killed a
man to my own harm, and an adolescent to my own bruising.
{4:24} Sevenfold vengeance will be given for Cain, but for
Lamech, seventy-seven times.” {4:25} Adam also knew his
wife again, and she gave birth to a son, and she called his
name Seth, saying, “God has given me another offspring, in
place of Abel, whom Cain killed.” {4:26} But to Seth also
was born a son, whom he called Enos. This one began to
invoke the name of the Lord.
[Genesis 5] {5:1} This is the book of the lineage of Adam. In
the day that God created man, he made him to the likeness of
God. {5:2} He created them, male and female; and he blessed
them. And he called their name Adam, in the day when they
were created. {5:3} Then Adam lived for one hundred and
thirty years. And then he conceived a son in his own image
and likeness, and he called his name Seth. {5:4} And after he
conceived Seth, the days of Adam that passed were eight
hundred years. And he conceived sons and daughters.
{5:5} And all the time that passed while Adam lived was nine
hundred and thirty years, and then he died. {5:6} Seth
likewise lived for one hundred and five years, and then he
conceived Enos. {5:7} And after he conceived Enos, Seth
lived for eight hundred and seven years, and he conceived
sons and daughters. {5:8} And all the days of Seth that
passed were nine hundred and twelve years, and then he died.
{5:9} In truth, Enos lived ninety years, and then he conceived
Cainan. {5:10} After his birth, he lived eight hundred and
fifteen years, and he conceived sons and daughters.
{5:11} And all the days of Enos that passed were nine
hundred and five years, and then he died. {5:12} Likewise,
Cainan lived seventy years, and then he conceived Mahalalel.
{5:13} And after he conceived Mahalalel, Cainan lived for
eight hundred and forty years, and he conceived sons and
daughters. {5:14} And all the days of Cainan that passed
were nine hundred and ten years, and then he died.
{5:15} And Mahalalel lived sixty-five years, and then he
conceived Jared. {5:16} And after he conceived Jared,
Mahalalel lived for eight hundred and thirty years, and he
conceived sons and daughters. {5:17} And all the days of
Mahalalel that passed were eight hundred and ninety-five
years, and then he died. {5:18} And Jared lived for one
hundred and sixty-two years, and then he conceived Enoch.
{5:19} And after he conceived Enoch, Jared lived for eight
hundred years, and he conceived sons and daughters.
{5:20} And all the days of Jared that passed were nine
hundred and sixty-two years, and then he died. {5:21} Now
Enoch lived for sixty-five years, and then he conceived
Methuselah. {5:22} And Enoch walked with God. And after
he conceived Methuselah, he lived for three hundred years,
and he conceived sons and daughters. {5:23} And all the
days of Enoch that passed were three hundred and sixty-five
years. {5:24} And he walked with God, and then he was seen
no more, because God took him. {5:25} Likewise,
Methuselah lived for one hundred and eighty-seven years,
and then he conceived Lamech. {5:26} And after he
conceived Lamech, Methuselah lived for seven hundred and
eighty-two years, and he conceived sons and daughters.
{5:27} And all the days of Methuselah that passed were nine
hundred and sixty-nine years, and then he died. {5:28} Then
Lamech lived for one hundred and eighty-two years, and he
conceived a son. {5:29} And he called his name Noah, saying,
“This one will console us from the works and hardships of
our hands, in the land that the Lord has cursed.” {5:30} And
after he conceived Noah, Lamech lived for five hundred and
ninety-five years, and he conceived sons and daughters.
{5:31} And all the days of Lamech that passed were seven
hundred and seventy-seven years, and then he died. In truth,
when Noah was five hundred years old, he conceived Shem,
Ham, and Japheth.
[Genesis 6] {6:1} And when men began to be multiplied
upon the earth, and daughters were born to them, {6:2} the
sons of God, seeing that the daughters of men were beautiful,
took to themselves wives from all whom they chose.
{6:3} And God said: “My spirit shall not remain in man
forever, because he is flesh. And so his days shall be one
hundred and twenty years.” {6:4} Now giants were upon the
earth in those days. For after the sons of God went in to the
daughters of men, and they conceived, these became the
powerful ones of ancient times, men of renown. {6:5} Then
God, seeing that the wickedness of men was great upon the
earth and that every thought of their heart was intent upon
evil at all times, {6:6} repented that he had made man on the
earth. And being touched inwardly with a sorrow of heart,
{6:7} he said, “I will eliminate man, whom I have created,
from the face of the earth, from man to other living things,
from animals even to the flying things of the air. For it grieves
me that I have made them.” {6:8} Yet truly, Noah found
grace before the Lord. {6:9} These are the generations of
Noah. Noah was a just man, and yet he was predominate
among his generations, for he walked with God. {6:10} And
he conceived three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
{6:11} Yet the earth was corrupted before the eyes of God,
and it was filled with iniquity. {6:12} And when God had
seen that the earth had been corrupted, (indeed, all flesh had
corrupted its way upon the earth) {6:13} he said to Noah:
“The end of all flesh has arrived in my sight. The earth has
been filled with iniquity by their presence, and I will destroy
them, along with the earth. {6:14} Make yourself an ark from
smoothed wood. You shall make little dwelling places in the
ark, and you shall smear pitch on the interior and exterior.
{6:15} And thus shall you make it: The length of the ark shall
be three hundred cubits, its width fifty cubits, and its height
thirty cubits. {6:16} You shall make a window in the ark, and
you shall complete it within a cubit of the top. Then you shall
set the door of the ark at its side. You shall make in it: a
lower part, upper rooms, and a third level. {6:17} Behold, I
shall bring the waters of a great flood upon the earth, so as to
put to death all flesh in which there is the breath of life under
heaven. All things that are on the earth shall be consumed.
{6:18} And I shall establish my covenant with you, and you
shall enter the ark, you and your sons, your wife and the
5
wives of your sons with you. {6:19} And from every living
thing of all that is flesh, you shall lead pairs into the ark, so
that they may survive with you: from the male sex and the
female, {6:20} from birds, according to their kind, and from
beasts, in their kind, and from among all animals on earth,
according to their kind; pairs from each shall enter with you,
so that they may be able to live. {6:21} Therefore, you shall
take with you from all the foods that are able to be eaten, and
you shall carry these with you. And these shall be used as
food, some for you, and the rest for them.” {6:22} And so
Noah did all things just as God had instructed him.
[Genesis 7] {7:1} And the Lord said to him: “Enter the ark,
you and all your house. For I have seen you to be just in my
sight, within this generation. {7:2} From all the clean animals,
take seven and seven, the male and the female. Yet truly,
from animals that are unclean, take two and two, the male
and the female. {7:3} But also from the birds of the air, take
seven and seven, the male and the female, so that offspring
may be saved upon the face of the whole earth. {7:4} For
from that point, and after seven days, I will rain upon the
earth for forty days and forty nights. And I will wipe away
every substance that I have made, from the surface of the
earth.” {7:5} Therefore, Noah did all things just as the Lord
had commanded him. {7:6} And he was six hundred years
old when the waters of the great flood inundated the earth.
{7:7} And Noah entered into the ark, and his sons, his wife,
and the wives of his sons with him, because of the waters of
the great flood. {7:8} And from the animals both clean and
unclean, and from the birds, and from everything that moves
upon the earth, {7:9} two by two they were brought into the
ark to Noah, male and female, just as the Lord had instructed
Noah. {7:10} And when seven days had passed, the waters of
the great flood inundated the earth. {7:11} In the six
hundredth year of the life of Noah, in the second month, in
the seventeenth day of the month, all the fountains of the
great abyss were released, and the floodgates of heaven were
opened. {7:12} And rain came upon the earth for forty days
and forty nights. {7:13} On the very same day, Noah and his
sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and his wife and the three
wives of his sons with them, entered the ark. {7:14} They and
every animal according to its kind, and all the cattle in their
kind, and everything that moves upon the earth in their kind,
and every flying thing according to its kind, all the birds and
all that can fly, {7:15} entered the ark to Noah, two by two
out of all that is flesh, in which there was the breath of life.
{7:16} And those that entered went in male and female, from
all that is flesh, just as God had instructed him. And then the
Lord closed him in from the outside. {7:17} And the great
flood occurred for forty days upon the earth. And the waters
were increased, and they lifted the ark high above the land.
{7:18} For they overflowed greatly, and they filled everything
on the surface of the earth. And then the ark was carried
across the waters. {7:19} And the waters prevailed beyond
measure across the earth. And all the lofty mountains under
the whole heaven were covered. {7:20} The water was fifteen
cubits higher than the mountains which it covered.
{7:21} And all flesh was consumed which moved upon the
earth: flying things, animals, wild beasts, and all moving
things that crawl upon the ground. And all men, {7:22} and
everything in which there is the breath of life on earth, died.
{7:23} And he wiped away all substance that was upon the
earth, from man to animal, the crawling things just as much
as the flying things of the air. And they were wiped away
from the earth. But only Noah remained, and those who were
with him in the ark. {7:24} And the waters possessed the
earth for one hundred and fifty days.
[Genesis 8] {8:1} Then God remembered Noah, and all
living things, and all the cattle, which were with him in the
ark, and he brought a wind across the earth, and the waters
were diminished. {8:2} And the fountains of the abyss and
the floodgates of heaven were closed. And the rain from
heaven was restrained. {8:3} And the waters were restored to
their coming and going from the earth. And they began to
diminish after one hundred and fifty days. {8:4} And the ark
rested in the seventh month, on the twenty-seventh day of the
month, upon the mountains of Armenia. {8:5} Yet in truth,
the waters were departing and decreasing until the tenth
month. For in the tenth month, on the first day of the month,
the tips of the mountains appeared. {8:6} And when forty
days had passed, Noah, opening the window that he had
made in the ark, sent forth a raven, {8:7} which went forth
and did not return, until the waters were dried up across the
earth. {8:8} Likewise, he sent forth a dove after him, in order
to see if the waters had now ceased upon the face of the earth.
{8:9} But when she did not find a place where her foot might
rest, she returned to him in the ark. For the waters were upon
the whole earth. And he extended his hand and caught her,
and he brought her into the ark. {8:10} And then, having
waited a further seven days, he again sent forth the dove out
of the ark. {8:11} And she came to him in the evening,
carrying in her mouth an olive branch with green leaves.
Noah then understood that the waters had ceased upon the
earth. {8:12} And nevertheless, he waited another seven days.
And he sent forth the dove, which no longer returned to him.
{8:13} Therefore, in the six hundred and first year, in the first
month, on the first day of the month, the waters were
diminished upon the earth. And Noah, opening the cover of
the ark, gazed out and saw that the surface of the earth had
become dry. {8:14} In the second month, on the twentyseventh
day of the month, the earth was made dry.
{8:15} Then God spoke to Noah, saying: {8:16} “Go out of
the ark, you and your wife, your sons and the wives of your
sons with you. {8:17} Bring out with you all the living things
that are with you, all that is flesh: as with the birds, so also
with the wild beasts and all the animals that move upon the
earth. And enter upon the land: increase and multiply upon
it.” {8:18} And so Noah and his sons went out, and his wife
and the wives of his sons with him. {8:19} Then also all
living things, and the cattle, and the animals that move upon
the earth, according to their kinds, departed from the ark.
{8:20} Then Noah built an altar to the Lord. And, taking
from each of the cattle and birds that were clean, he offered
holocausts upon the altar. {8:21} And the Lord smelled the
sweet odor and said: “I will no longer curse the earth because
of man. For the feelings and thoughts of the heart of man are
prone to evil from his youth. Therefore, I will no longer
pierce every living soul as I have done. {8:22} All the days of
the earth, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and
winter, night and day, will not cease.”
[Genesis 9] {9:1} And God blessed Noah and his sons. And
he said to them: “Increase, and multiply, and fill the earth.
6
{9:2} And let the fear and trembling of you be upon all the
animals of the earth, and upon all the birds of the air, along
with all that moves across the earth. All the fish of the sea
have been delivered into your hand. {9:3} And everything
that moves and lives will be food for you. Just as with the
edible plants, I have delivered them all to you, {9:4} except
that flesh with blood you shall not eat. {9:5} For I will
examine the blood of your lives at the hand of every beast. So
also, at the hand of mankind, at the hand of each man and
his brother, I will examine the life of mankind.
{9:6} Whoever will shed human blood, his blood will be
poured out. For man was indeed made to the image of God.
{9:7} But as for you: increase and multiply, and go forth
upon the earth and fulfill it.” {9:8} To Noah and to his sons
with him, God also said this: {9:9} “Behold, I will establish
my covenant with you, and with your offspring after you,
{9:10} and with every living soul that is with you: as much
with the birds as with the cattle and all the animals of the
earth that have gone forth from the ark, and with all the wild
beasts of the earth. {9:11} I will establish my covenant with
you, and no longer will all that is flesh be put to death by the
waters of a great flood, and, henceforth, there will not be a
great flood to utterly destroy the earth.” {9:12} And God said:
“This is the sign of the pact that I grant between me and you,
and to every living soul that is with you, for perpetual
generations. {9:13} I will place my arc in the clouds, and it
will be the sign of the pact between myself and the earth.
{9:14} And when I obscure the sky with clouds, my arc will
appear in the clouds. {9:15} And I will remember my
covenant with you, and with every living soul that enlivens
flesh. And there will no longer be waters from a great flood to
wipe away all that is flesh. {9:16} And the arc will be in the
clouds, and I will see it, and I will remember the everlasting
covenant that was enacted between God and every living soul
of all that is flesh upon the earth.” {9:17} And God said to
Noah, “This will be the sign of the covenant that I have
established between myself and all that is flesh upon the
earth.” {9:18} And so the sons of Noah, who came out of the
ark, were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Now Ham himself is the
father of Canaan. {9:19} These three are the sons of Noah.
And from these all the family of mankind was spread over the
whole earth. {9:20} And Noah, a good farmer, began to
cultivate the land, and he planted a vineyard. {9:21} And by
drinking its wine, he became inebriated and was naked in his
tent. {9:22} Because of this, when Ham, the father of Canaan,
had indeed seen the privates of his father to be naked, he
reported it to his two brothers outside. {9:23} And truly,
Shem and Japheth put a cloak upon their arms, and,
advancing backwards, covered the privates of their father.
And their faces were turned away, so that they did not see
their father’s manhood. {9:24} Then Noah, awaking from the
wine, when he had learned what his younger son had done to
him, {9:25} he said, “Cursed be Canaan, a servant of
servants will he be to his brothers.” {9:26} And he said:
“Blessed be the Lord God of Shem, let Canaan be his servant.
{9:27} May God enlarge Japheth, and may he live in the
tents of Shem, and let Canaan be his servant.” {9:28} And
after the great flood, Noah lived for three hundred and fifty
years. {9:29} And all his days were completed in nine
hundred and fifty years, and then he died.
[Genesis 10] {10:1} These are the generations of the sons of
Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and of the sons who were
born to them after the great flood. {10:2} The sons of Japheth
were Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal,
and Meshech, and Tiras. {10:3} And then the sons of Gomer
were Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah. {10:4} And the
sons of Javan were Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and
Rodanim. {10:5} The islands of the Gentiles were divided by
these into their regions, each one according to his tongue,
and their families in their nations. {10:6} And the Sons of
Ham were Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan.
{10:7} And the sons of Cush were Seba, and Havilah, and
Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah were
Sheba and Dadan. {10:8} And then Cush conceived Nimrod;
he began to be powerful on the earth. {10:9} And he was an
able hunter before the Lord. From this, a proverb came forth:
‘Just like Nimrod, an able hunter before the Lord.’
{10:10} And so, the beginning of his kingdom was Babylon,
and Erech, and Accad, and Chalanne, in the land of Shinar.
{10:11} From that land, Assur came forth, and he built
Nineveh, and the streets of the city, and Calah, {10:12} and
also Resen, between Nineveh and Calah. This is a great city.
{10:13} And truly, Mizraim conceived Ludim, and Anamim,
and Lehabim, Naphtuhim, {10:14} and Pathrusim, and
Casluhim, from whom came forth the Philistines and the
Caphtorim. {10:15} Then Canaan conceived Sidon his
firstborn, the Hittite, {10:16} and the Jebusite, and the
Amorite, the Girgashite, {10:17} the Hivite, and the Arkite:
the Sinite, {10:18} and the Arvadian, the Samarite, and the
Hamathite. And after this, the peoples of the Canaanites
became widespread. {10:19} And the borders of Chanaan
went, as one travels, from Sidon to Gerar, even to Gaza, until
one enters Sodom and Gomorrah, and from Admah and
Zeboiim, even to Lesa. {10:20} These are the sons of Ham in
their kindred, and tongues, and generations, and lands, and
nations. {10:21} Likewise, from Shem, the father of all the
sons of Heber, the elder brother of Japheth, sons were born.
{10:22} The sons of Shem were Elam, and Asshur, and
Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram. {10:23} The sons of Aram
were Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash. {10:24} But truly,
Arphaxad conceived Shelah, from whom was born Eber.
{10:25} And to Eber were born two sons: the name of the
one was Peleg, for in his days the earth became divided, and
his brother’s name was Joktan. {10:26} This Joktan
conceived Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, Jerah
{10:27} and Hadoram, and Uzal and Diklah, {10:28} and
Obal and Abimael, Sheba {10:29} and Ophir, and Havilah
and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan. {10:30} And
their habitation extended from Messa, as one sojourns, even
to Sephar, a mountain in the east. {10:31} These are the sons
of Shem according to their kindred, and tongues, and the
regions within their nations. {10:32} These are the families of
Noah, according to their peoples and nations. The nations
became divided according to these, on the earth after the
great flood.
[Genesis 11] {11:1} Now the earth was of one language and
of the same speech. {11:2} And when they were advancing
from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar, and
they dwelt in it. {11:3} And each one said to his neighbor,
“Come, let us make bricks, and bake them with fire.” And
they had bricks instead of stones, and pitch instead of mortar.
7
{11:4} And they said: “Come, let us make a city and a tower,
so that its height may reach to heaven. And let us make our
name famous before we are divided into all the lands.”
{11:5} Then the Lord descended to see the city and the tower,
which the sons of Adam were building. {11:6} And he said:
“Behold, the people are united, and all have one tongue. And
since they have begun to do this, they will not desist from
their plans, until they have completed their work.
{11:7} Therefore, come, let us descend, and in that place
confound their tongue, so that they may not listen, each one
to the voice of his neighbor.” {11:8} And so the Lord divided
them from that place into all the lands, and they ceased to
build the city. {11:9} And for this reason, its name was called
‘Babel,’ because in that place the language of the whole earth
became confused. And from then on, the Lord scattered them
across the face of every region. {11:10} These are the
generations of Shem. Shem was one hundred years old when
he conceived Arphaxad, two years after the great flood.
{11:11} And after he conceived Arphaxad, Shem lived for
five hundred years, and he conceived sons and daughters.
{11:12} Next, Arphaxad lived for thirty-five years, and then
he conceived Shelah. {11:13} And after he conceived Shelah,
Arphaxad lived for three hundred and three years, and he
conceived sons and daughters. {11:14} Likewise, Shelah
lived for thirty years, and then he conceived Eber.
{11:15} And after he conceived Eber, Shelah lived for four
hundred and three years, and he conceived sons and
daughters. {11:16} Then Eber lived for thirty-four years, and
he conceived Peleg. {11:17} And after he conceived Peleg,
Eber lived for four hundred and thirty years, and he
conceived sons and daughters. {11:18} Likewise, Peleg lived
for thirty years, and then he conceived Reu. {11:19} And
after he conceived Reu, Peleg lived for two hundred and nine
years, and he conceived sons and daughters. {11:20} Then
Reu lived for thirty-two years, and then he conceived Serug.
{11:21} Likewise, after he conceived Serug, Reu lived for two
hundred and seven years, and he conceived sons and
daughters. {11:22} In truth, Serug lived for thirty years, and
then he conceived Nahor. {11:23} And after he conceived
Nahor, Serug lived for two hundred years, and he conceived
sons and daughters. {11:24} And so Nahor lived for twentynine
years, and then he conceived Terah. {11:25} And after
he conceived Terah, Nahor lived for one hundred and
nineteen years, and he conceived sons and daughters.
{11:26} And Terah lived for seventy years, and then he
conceived Abram, and Nahor, and Haran. {11:27} And these
are the generations of Terah. Terah conceived Abram, Nahor,
and Haran. Next Haran conceived Lot. {11:28} And Haran
died before his father Terah, in the land of his nativity, in Ur
of the Chaldeans. {11:29} Then Abram and Nahor took
wives. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai. And the name
of Nahor’s wife was Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the
father of Milcah, and the father of Iscah. {11:30} But Sarai
was barren and had no children. {11:31} And so Terah took
his son Abram, and his grandson Lot, the son of Haran, and
his daughter-in-law Sarai, the wife of his son Abram, and he
led them away from Ur of the Chaldeans, to go into the land
of Canaan. And they approached as far as Haran, and they
dwelt there. {11:32} And the days of Terah that passed were
two hundred and five years, and then he died in Haran.
[Genesis 12] {12:1} Then the Lord said to Abram: “Depart
from your land, and from your kindred, and from your
father’s house, and come into the land that I will show you.
{12:2} And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless
you and magnify your name, and you will be blessed.
{12:3} I will bless those who bless you, and curse those who
curse you, and in you all the families of the earth will be
blessed.” {12:4} And so Abram departed just as the Lord had
instructed him, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventyfive
years old when he departed from Haran. {12:5} And he
took his wife Sarai, and Lot, the son of his brother, and all
the substance which they had come to possess, and the lives
which they had acquired in Haran, and they departed in
order to go to the land of Canaan. And when they arrived in
it, {12:6} Abram passed through the land even to the place of
Shechem, as far as the famous steep valley. Now at that time,
the Canaanite was in the land. {12:7} Then the Lord
appeared to Abram, and he said to him, “To your offspring, I
will give this land.” And there he built an altar to the Lord,
who had appeared to him. {12:8} And passing on from there
to a mountain, which was opposite the east of Bethel, he
pitched his tent there, having Bethel to the west, and Hai on
the east. He also built an altar there to the Lord, and he called
upon his name. {12:9} And Abram traveled, going out and
continuing further on, toward the south. {12:10} But a
famine occurred in the land. And Abram descended to Egypt,
to sojourn there. For famine prevailed over the land.
{12:11} And when he was close to entering Egypt, he said to
his wife Sarai: “I know you to be a beautiful woman.
{12:12} And when the Egyptians see you, they will say, ‘She
is his wife.’ And they will put me to death, and retain you.
{12:13} Therefore, I beg you to say that you are my sister, so
that it may be well with me because of you, and so that my
soul may live by your favor.” {12:14} And so, when Abram
had arrived in Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was
exceedingly beautiful. {12:15} And the princes reported it to
Pharaoh, and they praised her to him. And the woman was
inducted into the house of Pharaoh. {12:16} In truth, they
treated Abram well because of her. And he had sheep and
oxen and male donkeys, and men servants, and women
servants, and female donkeys, and camels. {12:17} But the
Lord scourged Pharaoh and his house with great wounds
because of Sarai, the wife of Abram. {12:18} And Pharaoh
called Abram, and he said to him: “What is this that you
have done to me? Why did you not tell me she was your wife?
{12:19} For what reason did you claim her to be your sister,
so that I would take her to me as a wife? Now therefore,
behold your mate, receive her and go.” {12:20} And Pharaoh
instructed his men about Abram. And they led him away
with his wife and all that he had.
[Genesis 13] {13:1} Therefore, Abram ascended from Egypt,
he and his wife, and all that he had, and Lot with him,
toward the southern region. {13:2} But he was very wealthy
by the possession of gold and silver. {13:3} And he returned
by the way that he came, from the meridian into Bethel, all
the way to the place where before he had pitched his tent,
between Bethel and Hai. {13:4} There, at the place of the
altar he had made before, he again called upon the name of
the Lord. {13:5} But Lot also, who was with Abram, had
flocks of sheep, and cattle, and tents. {13:6} Neither was the
land able to contain them, so that they might dwell together.
8
Indeed, their substance was so great that they could not live
in common. {13:7} And then there also arose a conflict
between the shepherds of Abram and of Lot. Now at that
time the Canaanite and the Perizzite lived in that land.
{13:8} Therefore, Abram said to Lot: “I ask you, let there be
no quarrel between me and you, and between my shepherds
and your shepherds. For we are brothers. {13:9} Behold, the
entire land is before your eyes. Withdraw from me, I beg you.
If you will go to the left, I will take the right. If you choose
the right, I will pass to the left.” {13:10} And so Lot, lifting
up his eyes, saw all the region around the Jordan, which was
thoroughly irrigated, before the Lord overthrew Sodom and
Gomorrah. It was like the Paradise of the Lord, and it was
like Egypt, approaching toward Zoar. {13:11} And Lot chose
for himself the region around the Jordan, and he withdrew by
way of the east. And they were divided, one brother from the
other. {13:12} Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan. In truth,
Lot stayed in the towns that were around the Jordan, and he
lived in Sodom. {13:13} But the men of Sodom were very
wicked, and they were sinners before the Lord beyond
measure. {13:14} And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot was
divided from him: “Lift up your eyes, and gaze out from the
place where you are now, to the north and to the meridian, to
the east and to the west. {13:15} All the land that you see, I
will give to you, and to your offspring even forever.
{13:16} And I will make your offspring like the dust of the
earth. If any man is able to number the dust of the earth, he
will be able to number your offspring as well. {13:17} Arise
and walk through the land in its length, and breadth. For I
will give it to you.” {13:18} Therefore, moving his tent,
Abram went and dwelt by the steep valley of Mamre, which
is in Hebron. And he built an altar there to the Lord.
[Genesis 14] {14:1} Now it happened in that time that
Amraphel, king of Shinar, and Arioch, king of Pontus, and
Chedorlaomer, king of the Elamites, and Tidal, king of the
Nations, {14:2} went to war against Bera, king of Sodom,
and against Birsha, king of Gomorrah, and against Shinab,
king of Admah, and against Shemeber, king of Zeboiim, and
against the king of Bela, that is Zoar. {14:3} All these came
together in the wooded valley, which is now the Sea of Salt.
{14:4} For they had served Chedorlaomer for twelve years,
and in the thirteenth year they withdrew from him.
{14:5} Therefore, in the fourteenth year, Chedorlaomer
arrived, and the kings who were with him. And they struck
the Rephaim at Ashteroth of the two horns, and the Zuzim
with them, and the Emim at Shaveh-Kiriathaim. {14:6} and
the Chorreans in the mountains of Seir, even to the plains of
Paran, which is in wilderness. {14:7} And they returned and
arrived at the fountain of Mishpat, which is Kadesh. And
they struck the entire region of the Amalekites, and the
Amorites who dwelt in Hazazontamar. {14:8} And the king
of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah,
and the king of Zeboiim, and indeed the king of Bela, which
is Zoar, went forth. And they directed their point against
them in the wooded valley, {14:9} namely, against
Chedorlaomer, king of the Elamites, and Tidal, king of the
Nations, and Amraphel, king of Shinar, and Arioch, king of
Pontus: four kings against five. {14:10} Now the wooded
valley had many pits of bitumen. And so the king of Sodom
and the king of Gomorrah turned back and they fell there.
And those who remained, fled to the mountain.
{14:11} Then they took all the substance of the Sodomites
and the Gomorrahites, and all that pertained to food, and
they went away, {14:12} along with both Lot, the son of
Abram’s brother, who lived in Sodom, and his substance.
{14:13} And behold, one who had escaped reported it to
Abram the Hebrew, who lived in the steep valley of Mamre
the Amorite, who was the brother of Eshcol, and the brother
of Aner. For these had formed an agreement with Abram.
{14:14} When Abram had heard this, namely, that his
brother Lot had been taken captive, he numbered three
hundred and eighteen of his own armed men and he went in
pursuit all the way to Dan. {14:15} And dividing his
company, he rushed upon them in the night. And he struck
them and pursued them as far as Hobah, which is on the left
hand of Damascus. {14:16} And he brought back all the
substance, and Lot his brother, with his substance, likewise
the women and the people. {14:17} Then the king of Sodom
went out to meet him, after he returned from the slaughter at
Chedorlaomer, and the kings who were with him at the
valley of Shaveh, which is the valley of the king.
{14:18} Then in truth, Melchizedek, the king of Salem,
brought forth bread and wine, for he was a priest of the Most
High God; {14:19} he blessed him, and he said: “Blessed be
Abram by the Most High God, who created heaven and earth.
{14:20} And blessed be the Most High God, through whose
protection the enemies are in your hands.” And he gave him
tithes from everything. {14:21} Then the king of Sodom said
to Abram, “Give me these souls, and take the rest for
yourself.” {14:22} And he responded to him: “I lift up my
hand to the Lord God, the Most High, the Possessor of
heaven and earth, {14:23} that from one thread within a
blanket, even to a single shoelace, I will not take anything
from that which is yours, lest you say, ‘I have enriched
Abram,’ {14:24} except that which the young men have
eaten, and the shares for the men who came with me: Aner,
Eshcol, and Mamre. These will take their shares.”
[Genesis 15] {15:1} And so, these things having been
transacted, the word of the Lord came to Abram by a vision,
saying: “Do not be afraid, Abram, I am your protector, and
your reward is exceedingly great.” {15:2} And Abram said:
“Lord God, what will you give to me? I may go without
children. And the son of the steward of my house is this
Eliezer of Damascus.” {15:3} And Abram added: “Yet to me
you have not given offspring. And behold, my servant born in
my house will be my heir.” {15:4} And immediately the
word of the Lord came to him, saying: “This one will not be
your heir. But he who will come from your loins, the same
will you have for your heir.” {15:5} And he brought him
outside, and he said to him, “Take in the heavens, and
number the stars, if you can.” And he said to him, “So also
will your offspring be.” {15:6} Abram believed God, and it
was reputed to him unto justice. {15:7} And he said to him,
“I am the Lord who led you away from Ur of the Chaldeans,
so as to give you this land, and so that you would possess it.”
{15:8} But he said, “Lord God, in what way may I be able to
know that I will possess it?” {15:9} And the Lord responded
by saying: “Take for me a cow of three years, and a she-goat
of three years, and a ram of three years, also a turtle-dove and
a pigeon.” {15:10} Taking all these, he divided them through
the middle, and placed both parts opposite one another. But
the birds he did not divide. {15:11} And birds descended
9
upon the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.
{15:12} And when the sun was setting, a deep sleep fell upon
Abram, and a dread, great and dark, invaded him.
{15:13} And it was said to him: “Know beforehand that your
future offspring will be sojourners in a land not their own,
and they will subjugate them in servitude and afflict them for
four hundred years. {15:14} Yet truly, I will judge the nation
that they will serve, and after this they will depart with great
substance. {15:15} But you will go to your fathers in peace
and be buried at a good old age. {15:16} But in the fourth
generation, they will return here. For the iniquities of the
Amorites are not yet completed, even to this present time.”
{15:17} Then, when the sun had set, there came a dark mist,
and there appeared a smoking furnace and a lamp of fire
passing between those divisions. {15:18} On that day, God
formed a covenant with Abram, saying: “To your offspring I
will give this land, from the river of Egypt, even to the great
river Euphrates: {15:19} the land of the Kenites and the
Kenizzites, the Kadmonites {15:20} and the Hittites, and the
Perizzites, likewise the Rephaim, {15:21} and the Amorites,
and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.”
[Genesis 16] {16:1} Now Sarai, the wife of Abram, had not
conceived children. But, having an Egyptian handmaid
named Hagar, {16:2} she said to her husband: “Behold, the
Lord has closed me, lest I give birth. Enter to my handmaid,
so that perhaps I may receive sons of her at least.” And when
he agreed to her supplication, {16:3} she took Hagar the
Egyptian, her handmaid, ten years after they began to live in
the land of Canaan, and she gave her to her husband as a
wife. {16:4} And he entered to her. But when she saw that
she had conceived, she despised her mistress. {16:5} And
Sarai said to Abram: “You have acted unfairly against me. I
gave my handmaid into your bosom, who, when she saw that
she had conceived, held me in contempt. May the Lord judge
between me and you.” {16:6} Abram responded to her by
saying, “Behold, your handmaid is in your hand to treat as it
pleases you.” And so, when Sarai afflicted her, she took flight.
{16:7} And when the Angel of the Lord had found her, near
the fountain of water in the wilderness, which is on the way
to Shur in the desert, {16:8} he said to her: “Hagar,
handmaid of Sarai, where have you come from? And where
will you go?” And she answered, “I flee from the face of
Sarai, my mistress.” {16:9} And the Angel of the Lord said to
her, “Return to your mistress, and humble yourself under her
hand.” {16:10} And again he said, “I will multiply your
offspring continuously, and they will not be numbered
because of their multitude.” {16:11} But thereafter he said:
“Behold, you have conceived, and you will give birth to a son.
And you shall call his name Ishmael, because the Lord has
heard your affliction. {16:12} He will be a wild man. His
hand will be against all, and all hands will be against him.
And he will pitch his tents away from the region of all his
brothers.” {16:13} Then she called upon the name of the
Lord who had spoken to her: “You are the God who has seen
me.” For she said, “Certainly, here I have seen the back of
the one who sees me.” {16:14} Because of this, she called
that well: ‘The well of the one who lives and who sees me.’
The same is between Kadesh and Bered. {16:15} And Hagar
gave birth to a son for Abram, who called his name Ishmael.
{16:16} Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar gave
birth to Ishmael for him.
[Genesis 17] {17:1} In truth, after he began to be ninety-nine
years of age, the Lord appeared to him. And he said to him:
“I am the Almighty God. Walk in my sight and become
complete. {17:2} And I will set my covenant between me and
you. And I will multiply you very exceedingly.”
{17:3} Abram fell prone on his face. {17:4} And God said to
him: “I AM, and my covenant is with you, and you will be
the father of many nations. {17:5} No longer will your name
be called Abram. But you will be called Abraham, for I have
established you as the father of many nations. {17:6} And I
will cause you to increase very greatly, and I will set you
among the nations, and kings will come forth from you.
{17:7} And I will establish my covenant between me and you,
and with your offspring after you in their generations, by a
perpetual covenant: to be God to you and to your offspring
after you. {17:8} And I will give to you and to your offspring,
the land of your sojourn, all the land of Canaan, as an eternal
possession, and I will be their God.” {17:9} Again God said
to Abraham: “And you therefore shall keep my covenant,
and your offspring after you in their generations.
{17:10} This is my covenant, which you shall observe,
between me and you, and your offspring after you: All the
males among you shall be circumcised. {17:11} And you
shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, so that it may be a
sign of the covenant between me and you. {17:12} An infant
of eight days will be circumcised among you, every male in
your generations. So also servants born to you, as well as
those bought, shall be circumcised, even those who are not of
your stock. {17:13} And my covenant shall be with your flesh
as an eternal covenant. {17:14} The male, the flesh of whose
foreskin will not be circumcised, that soul shall be eliminated
from his people. For he has made my covenant void.”
{17:15} God said also to Abraham: “Your wife Sarai, you
shall not call Sarai, but Sarah. {17:16} And I will bless her,
and from her I will give you a son, whom I will bless, and he
will be among the nations, and the kings of the peoples will
rise from him.” {17:17} Abraham fell on his face, and he
laughed, saying in his heart: “Do you think a son can be born
to a one hundred year old man? And will Sarah give birth at
the age of ninety?” {17:18} And he said to God, “If only
Ishmael would live in your sight.” {17:19} And God said to
Abraham: “Your wife Sarah shall give birth to a son, and you
shall call his name Isaac, and I will establish my covenant
with him as a perpetual covenant, and with his offspring after
him. {17:20} Likewise, concerning Ishmael, I have heard you.
Behold, I will bless and enlarge him, and I will multiply him
greatly. He will produce twelve leaders, and I will make him
into a great nation. {17:21} Yet in truth, I will establish my
covenant with Isaac, to whom Sarah will give birth for you at
this time next year.” {17:22} And when he had finished
speaking with him, God ascended from Abraham.
{17:23} Then Abraham took his son Ishmael, and all who
were born in his house, and all whom he had bought, every
male among the men of his house, and he circumcised the
flesh of their foreskin promptly, the very same day, just as
God had instructed him. {17:24} Abraham was ninety-nine
years old when he circumcised the flesh of his foreskin.
{17:25} And his son Ishmael had completed thirteen years at
the time of his circumcision. {17:26} On the very same day,
Abraham was circumcised with his son Ishmael.
{17:27} And all the men of his house, those born in his house,
10
as well as those who were bought, even the foreigners, were
circumcised with him.
[Genesis 18] {18:1} Then the Lord appeared to him, in the
steep valley of Mamre, when he was sitting at the door of his
tent, in the very heat of the day. {18:2} And when he had
lifted up his eyes, there appeared to him three men, standing
near him. When he had seen them, he ran to meet them from
the door of his tent, and he reverenced them on the ground.
{18:3} And he said: “If I, O lord, have found grace in your
eyes, do not pass by your servant. {18:4} But I will bring a
little water, and you may wash your feet and rest under the
tree. {18:5} And I will set out a meal of bread, so that you
may strengthen your heart; after this you will pass on. It is for
this reason that you have turned aside to your servant.” And
they said, “Do as you have spoken.” {18:6} Abraham hurried
into the tent to Sarah, and he said to her, “Quickly, mix
together three measures of the finest wheat flour and make
loaves baked under the ashes.” {18:7} In truth, he himself ran
to the herd, and he took a calf from there, very tender and
very good, and he gave it to a servant, who hurried and
boiled it. {18:8} Likewise, he took butter and milk, and the
calf which he had boiled, and he placed it before them. Yet
truly, he himself stood near them under the tree. {18:9} And
when they had eaten, they said to him, “Where is Sarah your
wife?” He answered, “Behold, she is in the tent.”
{18:10} And he said to him, “When returning, I will come to
you at this time, with life as a companion, and your wife
Sarah will have a son.” Hearing this, Sarah laughed behind
the door of the tent. {18:11} Now they were both old, and in
an advanced state of life, and it had ceased to be with Sarah
after the manner of women. {18:12} And she laughed
secretly, saying, “After I have grown old, and my lord is
elderly, shall I give myself to the work of delight?”
{18:13} Then the Lord said to Abraham: “Why did Sarah
laugh, saying: ‘How can I, an old woman, actually give
birth?’ {18:14} Is anything difficult for God? According to the
announcement, he will return to you at this same time, with
life as a companion, and Sarah will have a son.”
{18:15} Sarah denied it, saying, “I did not laugh.” For she
was terribly afraid. But the Lord said, “It is not so; for you
did laugh.” {18:16} Therefore, when the men had risen up
from there, they directed their eyes against Sodom. And
Abraham traveled with them, leading them. {18:17} And the
Lord said: “How could I hide what I am about to do from
Abraham, {18:18} since he will become a great and very
robust nation, and in him all the nations of the earth will be
blessed? {18:19} For I know that he will instruct his sons, and
his household after him, to keep to the way of the Lord, and
to act with judgment and justice, so that, for the sake of
Abraham, the Lord may bring about all the things that he has
spoken to him.” {18:20} And so the Lord said, “The outcry
from Sodom and Gomorrah has been multiplied, and their
sin has become exceedingly grievous. {18:21} I will descend
and see whether they have fulfilled the work of the outcry
that has reached me, or whether it is not so, in order that I
may know.” {18:22} And they turned themselves from there,
and they went toward Sodom. Yet in truth, Abraham still
stood in the sight of the Lord. {18:23} And as they drew near,
he said: “Will you destroy the just with the impious?
{18:24} If there were fifty of the just in the city, will they
perish with the rest? And will you not spare that place for the
sake of fifty of the just, if they were in it? {18:25} Far be it
from you to do this thing, and to kill the just with the impious,
and for the just to be treated like the impious. No, this is not
like you. You judge all the earth; you would never make such
a judgment.” {18:26} And the Lord said to him, “If I find in
Sodom fifty of the just in the midst of the city, I will release
the entire place because of them.” {18:27} And Abraham
responded by saying: “Since now I have begun, I will speak
to my Lord, though I am dust and ashes. {18:28} What if
there were five less than fifty of the just? Would you, despite
the forty-five, eliminate the entire city?” And he said, “I will
not eliminate it, if I find forty-five there.” {18:29} And again
he said to him, “But if forty were found there, what would
you do?” He said, “I will not strike, for the sake of the forty.”
{18:30} “I ask you,” he said, “not to be angry, Lord, if I
speak. What if thirty were found there?” He responded, “I
will not act, if I find thirty there.” {18:31} “Since now I have
begun,” he said, “I will speak to my Lord. What if twenty
were found there?” He said, “I will not put to death, for the
sake of the twenty.” {18:32} “I beg you,” he said, “not to be
angry, Lord, if I speak yet once more. What if ten were found
there?” And he said, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the
ten.” {18:33} And the Lord departed, after he had ceased
speaking to Abraham, who then returned to his place.
[Genesis 19] {19:1} And the two Angels arrived at Sodom in
the evening, and Lot was sitting at the gate of the city. And
when he had seen them, he rose up and went to meet them.
And he reverenced prone on the ground. {19:2} And he said:
“I beg you, my lords, turn aside to the house of your servant,
and lodge there. Wash your feet, and in the morning you will
advance on your way.” And they said, “Not at all. But we
will lodge in the street.” {19:3} He pressed them very much
to turn aside to him. And when they had entered his house,
he made a feast for them, and he cooked unleavened bread,
and they ate. {19:4} But before they went to bed, the men of
the city surrounded the house, from boys to old men, all the
people together. {19:5} And they called out to Lot, and they
said to him: “Where are the men who entered to you in the
night? Bring them out here, so that we may know them.”
{19:6} Lot went out to them, and blocking the door behind
him, he said: {19:7} “Do not, I ask you, my brothers, do not
be willing to commit this evil. {19:8} I have two daughters
who as yet have not known man. I will bring them out to you;
abuse them as it pleases you, provided that you do no evil to
these men, because they have entered under the shadow of
my roof.” {19:9} But they said, “Move away from there.”
And again: “You have entered,” they said, “as a stranger;
should you then judge? Therefore, we will afflict you yourself
more than them.” And they acted very violently against Lot.
And they were now at the point of breaking open the doors.
{19:10} And behold, the men put out their hand, and they
pulled Lot in to them, and they closed the door. {19:11} And
they struck those who were outside with blindness, from the
least to the greatest, so that they were not able to find the
door. {19:12} Then they said to Lot: “Do you have here
anyone of yours? All who are yours, sons-in-law, or sons, or
daughters, bring them out of this city. {19:13} For we will
eliminate this place, because the outcry among them has
increased before the Lord, who sent us to destroy them.”
{19:14} And so Lot, going out, spoke to his sons-in-law, who
were going to receive his daughters, and he said: “Rise up.
11
Depart from this place. For the Lord will destroy this city.”
And it seemed to them that he was speaking playfully.
{19:15} And when it was morning, the Angels compelled
him, saying, “Arise, take your wife, and the two daughters
that you have, lest you also should perish amid the
wickedness of the city.” {19:16} And, since he ignored them,
they took his hand, and the hand of his wife, as well as that of
his two daughters, because the Lord was sparing him.
{19:17} And they brought him out, and placed him beyond
the city. And there they spoke to him, saying: “Save your life.
Do not look not back. Neither should you stay in the entire
surrounding region. But save yourself in the mountain, lest
you also should perish.” {19:18} And Lot said to them: “I
beg you, my lord, {19:19} though your servant has found
grace before you, and you have magnified your mercy, which
you have shown to me in saving my life, I cannot be saved on
the mountain, lest perhaps some misfortune take hold of me
and I die. {19:20} There is a certain city nearby, to which I
can flee; it is a little one, and I will be saved in it. Is it not a
modest one, and will not my soul live?” {19:21} And he said
to him: “Behold, even now, I have heard your petitions about
this, not to overturn the city on behalf of which you have
spoken. {19:22} Hurry and be saved there. For I cannot do
anything until you enter there.” For this reason, the name of
that city is called Zoar. {19:23} The sun had risen over the
land, and Lot had entered into Zoar. {19:24} Therefore, the
Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorrah sulphur and fire,
from the Lord, out of heaven. {19:25} And he overturned
these cities, and all the surrounding region: all the inhabitants
of the cities, and everything that springs from the land.
{19:26} And his wife, looking behind herself, was turned into
a statue of salt. {19:27} Then Abraham, rising up in the
morning, in the place where he had stood before with the
Lord, {19:28} looked out toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and
the entire land of that region. And he saw embers rising up
from the land like smoke from a furnace. {19:29} For when
God overthrew the cities of that region, remembering
Abraham, he freed Lot from the overthrow of the cities, in
which he had dwelt. {19:30} And Lot ascended from Zoar,
and he stayed on the mountain, and likewise his two
daughters with him, (for he was afraid to stay in Zoar) and he
dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters with him.
{19:31} And the elder said to the younger: “Our father is old,
and no man remains in the land who can enter to us
according to the custom of the whole world. {19:32} Come,
let us inebriate him with wine, and let us sleep with him, so
that we may be able to preserve offspring from our father.”
{19:33} And so they gave their father wine to drink that night.
And the elder went in, and she slept with her father. But he
did not perceive it, neither when his daughter lay down, nor
when she rose up. {19:34} Likewise, the next day, the elder
said to the younger: “Behold, yesterday I slept with my father,
let us give him wine to drink yet again this night, and you
will sleep with him, so that we may save offspring from our
father.” {19:35} And then they gave their father wine to drink
that night also, and the younger daughter went in, and slept
with him. And not even then did he perceive when she lay
down, or when she rose up. {19:36} Therefore, the two
daughters of Lot conceived by their father. {19:37} And the
elder gave birth to a son, and she called his name Moab. He
is the father of the Moabites, even to the present day.
{19:38} Likewise, the younger gave birth to a son, and she
called his name Ammon, that is, ‘the son of my people.’ He is
the father of the Ammonites, even today.
[Genesis 20] {20:1} Abraham advanced from there into the
southern land, and he lived between Kadesh and Shur. And
he sojourned in Gerar. {20:2} And he said about his wife
Sarah: “She is my sister.” Therefore, Abimelech, the king of
Gerar, sent for her and took her. {20:3} Then God came to
Abimelech through a dream in the night, and he said to him:
“Lo, you shall die because of the woman that you have taken.
For she has a husband.” {20:4} In truth, Abimelech had not
touched her, and so he said: “Lord, would you put to death a
people, ignorant and just? {20:5} Did he not say to me, ‘She
is my sister,’ and did she not say, ‘He is my brother?’ In the
sincerity of my heart and the purity of my hands, I have done
this.” {20:6} And God said to him: “And I know that you
have acted with a sincere heart. And therefore I kept you
from sinning against me, and I did not release you to touch
her. {20:7} Now therefore, return his wife to the man, for he
is a prophet. And he will pray for you, and you will live. But
if you are not willing to return her, know this: you shall die a
death, you and all that is yours.” {20:8} And immediately
Abimelech, rising up in the night, called all his servants. And
he spoke all these words in their hearing, and all the men
were very afraid. {20:9} Then Abimelech called also for
Abraham, and he said to him: “What have you done to us?
How have we sinned against you, so that you would bring so
great a sin upon me and upon my kingdom? You have done
to us what you ought not to have done.” {20:10} And
remonstrating him again, he said, “What did you see, so that
you would do this?” {20:11} Abraham responded: “I thought
to myself, saying: Perhaps there is no fear of God in this
place. And they will put me to death because of my wife.
{20:12} Yet, in another way, she is also truly my sister, the
daughter of my father, and not the daughter of my mother,
and I took her as a wife. {20:13} Then, after God led me out
of my father’s house, I said to her: ‘You will show this mercy
to me. In every place, to which we will travel, you will say
that I am your brother.’ ” {20:14} Therefore, Abimelech took
sheep and oxen, and men servants and women servants, and
he gave them to Abraham. And he returned his wife Sarah to
him. {20:15} And he said, “The land is in your sight. Dwell
wherever it will please you.” {20:16} Then to Sarah he said:
“Behold, I have given your brother one thousand silver coins.
This will be for you as a veil for your eyes, to all who are with
you and wherever you will travel. And so, remember that you
were taken.” {20:17} Then when Abraham prayed, God
healed Abimelech and his wife, and his handmaids, and they
gave birth. {20:18} For the Lord had closed every womb of
the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah, the wife of
Abraham.
[Genesis 21] {21:1} Then the Lord visited Sarah, just as he
had promised; and he fulfilled what he had spoken.
{21:2} And she conceived and gave birth to a son in her old
age, at the time that God had foretold to her. {21:3} And
Abraham called the name of his son, whom Sarah bore for
him, Isaac. {21:4} And he circumcised him on the eighth day,
just as God had instructed him, {21:5} when he was one
hundred years old. Indeed, at this stage of his father’s life,
Isaac was born. {21:6} And Sarah said: “God has brought
laughter to me. Whoever will hear of it will laugh with me.”
12
{21:7} And again, she said: “Hearing this, who would believe
Abraham, that Sarah breast-fed a son, to whom she gave
birth, despite being elderly?” {21:8} And the boy grew and
was weaned. And Abraham made a great feast on the day of
his weaning. {21:9} And when Sarah had seen the son of
Hagar the Egyptian playing with her son Isaac, she said to
Abraham: {21:10} “Cast out this woman servant and her son.
For the son of a woman servant will not be heir with my son
Isaac.” {21:11} Abraham took this grievously, for the sake of
his son. {21:12} And God said to him: “Let it not seem harsh
to you concerning the boy and your woman servant. In all
that Sarah has said to you, listen to her voice. For your
offspring will be invoked in Isaac. {21:13} Yet I will also
make the son of the woman servant into a great nation, for he
is your offspring.” {21:14} And so Abraham arose in the
morning, and taking bread and a skin of water, he placed it
upon her shoulder, and he handed over the boy, and he
released her. And when she had departed, she wandered in
the wilderness of Beersheba. {21:15} And when the water in
the skin had been consumed, she set aside the boy, under one
of the trees that were there. {21:16} And she moved away
and sat in a distant area, as far as a bow can reach. For she
said, “I shall not see the boy die.” And so, sitting opposite
her, he lifted up his voice and wept. {21:17} But God heard
the voice of the boy. And an Angel of God called to Hagar
from heaven, saying: “What are you doing, Hagar? Do not be
afraid. For God has heeded the voice of the boy, from the
place where he is. {21:18} Rise up. Take the boy and hold
him by the hand. For I will make of him a great nation.”
{21:19} And God opened her eyes. And seeing a well of
water, she went and filled the skin, and she gave the boy to
drink. {21:20} And God was with him. And he grew, and he
stayed in the wilderness, and he became a young man, an
archer. {21:21} And he lived in the desert of Paran, and his
mother took a wife for him from the land of Egypt.
{21:22} At the same time, Abimelech and Phicol, the leader
of his army, said to Abraham: “God is with you in everything
that you do. {21:23} Therefore, swear by God that you will
do no harm to me, and to my posterity, and to my stock. But
according to the mercy that I have done to you, you will do
to me and to the land, to which you have turned as a
newcomer.” {21:24} And Abraham said, “I will swear.”
{21:25} And he reproved Abimelech because of a well of
water, which his servants had taken away by force.
{21:26} And Abimelech responded, “I do not know who did
this thing, but you also did not reveal it to me, nor have I
heard of it, before today.” {21:27} And so Abraham took
sheep and oxen, and he gave them to Abimelech. And both
of them struck a pact. {21:28} And Abraham set aside seven
female lambs from the flock. {21:29} Abimelech said to him,
“What purpose have these seven female lambs, which you
have caused to stand separately?” {21:30} But he said, “You
will receive seven female lambs from my hand, so that they
may be a testimony for me, that I dug this well.” {21:31} For
this reason, that place was called Beersheba, because there
both of them did swear. {21:32} And they initiated a pact on
behalf of the well of oath. {21:33} Then Abimelech and
Phicol, the leader of his army, rose up, and they returned to
the land of the Palestinians. In truth, Abraham planted a
grove in Beersheba, and there he called upon the name of the
Lord God Eternal. {21:34} And he was a settler in the land of
the Palestinians for many days.
[Genesis 22] {22:1} After these things occurred, God tested
Abraham, and he said to him, “Abraham, Abraham.” And
he answered, “Here I am.” {22:2} He said to him: “Take
your only begotten son Isaac, whom you love, and go into
the land of vision. And there you shall offer him as a
holocaust upon one of the mountains, which I will show to
you.” {22:3} And so Abraham, getting up in the night,
harnessed his donkey, taking with him two youths, and his
son Isaac. And when he had cut wood for the holocaust, he
traveled toward the place, as God had instructed him.
{22:4} Then, on the third day, lifting up his eyes, he saw the
place at a distance. {22:5} And he said to his servants: “Wait
here with the donkey. I and the boy will hurry further ahead
to that place. After we have worshipped, will return to you.”
{22:6} He also took the wood for the holocaust, and he
imposed it upon his son Isaac. And he himself carried in his
hands fire and a sword. And as the two continued on together,
{22:7} Isaac said to his father, “My father.” And he answered,
“What do you want, son?” “Behold,” he said, “fire and wood.
Where is the victim for the holocaust?” {22:8} But Abraham
said, “God himself will provide the victim for the holocaust,
my son.” Thus they continued on together. {22:9} And they
came to the place that God had shown to him. There he built
an altar, and he set the wood in order upon it. And when he
had bound his son Isaac, he laid him on the altar upon the
pile of wood. {22:10} And he reached out his hand and took
hold of the sword, in order to sacrifice his son. {22:11} And
behold, an Angel of the Lord called out from heaven, saying,
“Abraham, Abraham.” And he answered, “Here I am.”
{22:12} And he said to him, “Do not extend your hand over
the boy, and do not do anything to him. Now I know that
you fear God, since you have not spared your only begotten
son for my sake.” {22:13} Abraham lifted up his eyes, and he
saw behind his back a ram among the thorns, caught by the
horns, which he took and offered as a holocaust, instead of
his son. {22:14} And he called the name of that place: ‘The
Lord Sees.’ Thus, even to this day, it is said: ‘On the
mountain, the Lord will see.’ {22:15} Then the Angel of the
Lord called out to Abraham a second time from heaven,
saying: {22:16} “By my own self, I have sworn, says the Lord.
Because you have done this thing, and have not spared your
only begotten son for my sake, {22:17} I will bless you, and I
will multiply your offspring like the stars of heaven, and like
the sand which is on the seashore. Your offspring will possess
the gates of their enemies. {22:18} And in your offspring, all
the nations of the earth will be blessed, because you obeyed
my voice.” {22:19} Abraham returned to his servants, and
they went to Beersheba together, and he lived there.
{22:20} After these things occurred, it was reported to
Abraham that Milcah, likewise, had borne sons for his
brother Nahor: {22:21} Uz, the firstborn, and Buz, his
brother, and Kemuel, the father of the Syrians, {22:22} and
Chesed, and Hazo, likewise Pildash, and Jidlaph, {22:23} as
well as Bethuel, of whom was born Rebekah. These eight
Milcah bore for Nahor, the brother of Abraham. {22:24} In
truth, his concubine, named Reumah, bore Tebah, and
Gaham, and Tahash, and Maacah.
[Genesis 23] {23:1} Now Sarah lived for one hundred and
twenty-seven years. {23:2} And she died in the city of Arba,
which is Hebron, in the land of Canaan. And Abraham came
13
to mourn and weep for her. {23:3} And when he had risen up
from the funeral duties, he spoke to the sons of Heth, saying:
{23:4} “I am a newcomer and a sojourner among you. Give
me the right of a sepulcher among you, so that I may bury
my dead.” {23:5} The sons of Heth responded by saying:
{23:6} “Hear us, O lord, you are a leader of God among us.
Bury your dead in our chosen sepulchers. And no man shall
be able to prohibit you from burying your dead within his
memorial.” {23:7} Abraham arose, and he reverenced the
people of the land, namely, the sons of Heth. {23:8} And he
said to them: “If it pleases your soul that I should bury my
dead, hear me, and intercede on my behalf with Ephron, the
son of Zohar, {23:9} so that he may give me the double cave,
which he has at the far end of his field. He may transfer it to
me for as much money as it is worth in your sight, for the
possession of a sepulcher.” {23:10} Now Ephron dwelt in the
midst of the sons of Heth. And Ephron responded to
Abraham in the hearing of everyone who was entering at the
gate of his city, saying: {23:11} “Let it never be so, my lord,
but you should pay greater heed to what I say. The field I will
transfer to you, and the cave that is in it. In the presence of
the sons of my people, bury your dead.” {23:12} Abraham
reverenced in the sight of the people of the land. {23:13} And
he spoke to Ephron, standing in the midst of the people: “I
ask you to hear me. I will give you money for the field. Take
it, and so I will bury my dead in it.” {23:14} And Ephron
responded: “My lord, hear me. {23:15} The land that you
request is worth four hundred shekels of silver. This is the
price between me and you. But how much is this? Bury your
dead.” {23:16} And when Abraham had heard this, he
weighed out the money that Ephron had requested, in the
hearing of the sons of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, of
the approved public currency. {23:17} And having confirmed
that the field, in which there was a double cave overlooking
Mamre, formerly belonged to Ephron, both it and the
sepulcher, and all its trees, with all its surrounding limits,
{23:18} Abraham took it as a possession, in the sight of the
sons of Heth and of everyone who was entering at the gate of
his city. {23:19} So then, Abraham buried his wife Sarah in
the double cave of the field that overlooked Mamre. This is
Hebron in the land of Canaan. {23:20} And the field was
confirmed to Abraham, with the cave that was in it, as a
memorial possession before the sons of Heth.
[Genesis 24] {24:1} Now Abraham was old and of many
days. And the Lord had blessed him in all things. {24:2} And
he said to the elder servant of his house, who was in charge of
all that he had: “Place your hand under my thigh, {24:3} so
that I may make you swear by the Lord, the God of heaven
and earth, that you will not take a wife for my son from the
daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I live. {24:4} But
that you will proceed to my land and kindred, and from there
take a wife for my son Isaac.” {24:5} The servant responded,
“If the woman is not willing to come with me into this land,
must I lead your son back to the place from which you
departed?” {24:6} And Abraham said: “Beware that you
never lead my son back to that place. {24:7} The Lord God
of heaven, who took me from my father’s house, and from
the land of my nativity, who spoke to me and swore to me,
saying, ‘To your offspring I will give this land,’ himself will
send his Angel before you, and you will take from there a
wife for my son. {24:8} But if the woman is not willing to
follow you, you will not be held by the oath. Only do not
lead my son back to that place.” {24:9} Therefore, the
servant placed his hand under the thigh of Abraham, his lord,
and he swore to him on his word. {24:10} And he took ten
camels from his lord’s herd, and he went forth, carrying with
him things from all of his goods. And he set out, and
continued on, to the city of Nahor, in Mesopotamia.
{24:11} And when he had made the camels lie down outside
of the town, near a well of water, in the evening, at the time
when women are accustomed to go out to draw water, he
said: {24:12} “O Lord, the God of my lord Abraham, meet
with me today, I beg you, and show mercy to my lord
Abraham. {24:13} Behold, I stand near the fountain of water,
and the daughters of the inhabitants of this city will go forth
to draw water. {24:14}Therefore, the girl to whom I will say,
‘Tip your pitcher, so that I may drink,’ and she will respond,
‘Drink. In fact, I will give your camels a drink also,’ the same
one is she whom you have prepared for your servant Isaac.
And by this, I will understand that you have shown mercy to
my lord.” {24:15} But he had not yet completed these words
within himself, when, behold, Rebekah went out, the
daughter of Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, the
brother of Abraham, having a pitcher on her shoulder.
{24:16} She was an exceedingly elegant girl, and a most
beautiful virgin, and unknown by man. And she descended to
the spring, and she filled her pitcher, and then was returning.
{24:17} And the servant ran to meet her, and he said,
“Provide me with a little water to drink from your pitcher.”
{24:18} And she responded, “Drink, my lord.” And she
quickly brought down the pitcher on her arm, and she gave
him a drink. {24:19} And after he drank, she added, “In fact,
I will draw water for your camels also, until they all drink.”
{24:20} And pouring out the pitcher into the troughs, she ran
back to the well to draw water; and having drawn, she gave it
to all the camels. {24:21} But he was contemplating her
silently, wanting to know whether the Lord had caused his
journey to prosper or not {24:22} Then, after the camels
drank, the man took out gold earrings, weighing two shekels,
and the same number of bracelets, ten shekels in weight.
{24:23} And he said to her: “Whose daughter are you? Tell
me, is there any place in your father’s house to lodge?”
{24:24} She responded, “I am the daughter of Bethuel, the
son of Milcah, to whom she gave birth for Nahor.”
{24:25} And she continued, saying, “There is very much
straw and hay with us, and a spacious place to stay.”
{24:26} The man bowed himself down, and he adored the
Lord, {24:27} saying, “Blessed be the Lord, the God of my
lord Abraham, who has not taken away his mercy and truth
from my lord, and who has led me on a direct journey to the
house of the brother of my lord.” {24:28} And so the girl ran,
and she reported all that she had heard in the house of her
mother. {24:29} Now Rebekah had a brother, named Laban,
who went out quickly to the man, where the spring was.
{24:30} And when he had seen the earrings and bracelets in
his sister’s hands, and he had heard all the words being
repeated, “This is what the man spoke to me,” he came to the
man who stood by the camels and near the spring of water,
{24:31} and he said to him: “Enter, O blessed of the Lord.
Why do you stand outside? I have prepared the house, and a
place for the camels.” {24:32} And he brought him into his
guest quarters. And he unharnessed the camels, and he
distributed straw and hay, and water to wash his feet and that
14
of the men who arrived with him. {24:33} And bread was set
out in his sight. But he said, “I will not eat, until I have
spoken my words.” He answered him, “Speak.”
{24:34} Then he said: “I am the servant of Abraham.
{24:35} And the Lord has blessed my lord greatly, and he has
become great. And he has given him sheep and oxen, silver
and gold, men servants and women servants, camels and
donkeys. {24:36} And Sarah, the wife of my lord, has given
birth to a son for my lord in her old age, and he has given
him all that he had. {24:37} And my lord made me swear,
saying: ‘You shall not take a wife for my son from the
Canaanites, in whose land I dwell. {24:38} But you shall
travel to my father’s house, and you shall take a wife of my
own kindred for my son.’ {24:39} But truly, I answered my
lord, ‘What if the woman is not willing to come with me?’
{24:40} ‘The Lord,’ he said, ‘in whose sight I walk, will send
his Angel with you, and he will direct your way. And you
shall take a wife for my son from my own kindred and from
my father’s house. {24:41} But you will be innocent of my
curse, if, when you will arrive at my close relatives, they will
not grant this to you.’ {24:42} And so, today I arrived at the
well of water, and I said: ‘O Lord, the God of my lord
Abraham, if you have directed my way, in which I now walk,
{24:43} behold, I stand next to the well of water, and the
virgin, who will go forth to draw water, will hear from me,
“Give me a little water to drink from your pitcher.”
{24:44} And she will say to me, “You drink, and I will also
draw for your camels.” Let the same be the woman, whom
the Lord has prepared for the son of my lord.’ {24:45} And
while I thought over these things silently within myself,
Rebekah appeared, arriving with a pitcher, which she carried
on her shoulder. And she descended to the spring and drew
water. And I said to her, ‘Give me a little to drink.’
{24:46} And she quickly let down the pitcher from her arm,
and said to me, ‘You drink, and to your camels I will also
distribute drinking water.’ I drank, and she watered the
camels. {24:47} And I questioned her, saying, ‘Whose
daughter are you?’ And she responded, ‘I am the daughter of
Bethuel, the son of Nahor, whom Milcah bore to him.’ And
so, I hung the earrings on her, to adorn her face, and I put the
bracelets on her hands. {24:48} And falling prostrate, I
adored the Lord, blessing the Lord, the God of my lord
Abraham, who has led me along the straight path so as to
take the daughter of my lord’s brother to his son. {24:49} For
this reason, if you would act according to mercy and truth
with my lord, tell me so. But if it pleases you otherwise, say
that to me also, so that I may go either to the right, or to the
left.” {24:50} And Laban and Bethuel responded: “A word
has proceeded from the Lord. We are not able to speak
anything else to you, beyond what pleases him. {24:51} Lo,
Rebekah is in your sight. Take her and continue on, and let
her be the wife of the son of your lord, just as the Lord has
spoken.” {24:52} When Abraham’s servant had heard this,
falling down to the ground, he adored the Lord. {24:53} And
bringing forth vessels of silver and gold, as well as garments,
he gave them to Rebekah as a tribute. Likewise, he offered
gifts to her brothers and her mother. {24:54} And a banquet
began, and they feasted and drank together, and they lodged
there. And rising up in the morning, the servant said,
“Release me, so that I may go to my lord.” {24:55} And her
brothers and mother responded, “Let the girl remain for at
least ten days with us, and after that, she will continue on.”
{24:56} “Do not be willing,” he said, “to delay me, for the
Lord has directed my way. Release me, so that I may journey
to my lord.” {24:57} And they said, “Let us call the girl, and
ask her will.” {24:58} And when, having been called, she
arrived, they wanted to know, “Will you go with this man?”
And she said, “I will go.” {24:59} Therefore, they released
her and her nurse, and the servant of Abraham and his
companions, {24:60} wishing prosperity for their sister, by
saying: “You are our sister. May you increase to thousands of
thousands. And may your offspring possess the gates of their
enemies.” {24:61} And so, Rebekah and her maids, riding
upon camels, followed the man, who quickly returned to his
lord. {24:62} Then, at the same time, Isaac was walking
along the way that leads to the well, whose name is: ‘of the
One who lives and who sees.’ For he dwelt in the southern
land. {24:63} And he had gone out to meditate in the field, as
daylight was now declining. And when he had lifted up his
eyes, he saw camels advancing from afar. {24:64} Likewise,
Rebekah, having seen Isaac, descended from the camel.
{24:65} And she said to the servant, “Who is that man who
advances to meet us through the field?” And he said to her,
“That is my lord.” And so, quickly taking up her cloak, she
covered herself. {24:66} Then the servant explained to Isaac
all that he had done. {24:67} And he led her into the tent of
Sarah his mother, and he accepted her as wife. And he loved
her so very much, that it tempered the sorrow which befell
him at his mother’s death.
[Genesis 25] {25:1} In truth, Abraham took another wife,
named Keturah. {25:2} And she bore to him Zimran, and
Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah.
{25:3} Likewise, Jokshan conceived Sheba and Dedan. The
sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Leummim.
{25:4} And truly, from Midian was born Ephah, and Epher,
and Hanoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the sons
of Keturah. {25:5} And Abraham gave everything that he
possessed to Isaac. {25:6} But to the sons of the concubines
he gave generous gifts, and he separated them from his son
Isaac, while he still lived, toward the eastern region.
{25:7} Now the days of Abraham’s life were one hundred
and seventy-five years. {25:8} And declining, he died in a
good old age, and at an advanced stage of life, and full of
days. And he was gathered to his people. {25:9} And his sons
Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the double cave, which was
situated in the field of Ephron, of the son of Zohar the Hittite,
across from the region of Mamre, {25:10} which he had
bought from the sons of Heth. There he was buried, with his
wife Sarah. {25:11} And after his passing, God blessed his
son Isaac, who lived near the well named ‘of the One who
lives and who sees.’ {25:12} These are the generations of
Ishmael, the son of Abraham, whom Hagar the Egyptian,
Sarah’s servant, bore to him. {25:13} And these are the
names of his sons according to their language and
generations. The firstborn of Ishmael was Nebaioth, then
Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam, {25:14} likewise Mishma,
and Dumah, and Massa, {25:15} Hadad, and Tema, and
Jetur, and Naphish, and Kedemah. {25:16} These are the
sons of Ishmael. And these are their names throughout their
fortresses and towns: the twelve princes of their tribes.
{25:17} And the years of the life of Ishmael that passed were
one hundred and thirty-seven. And declining, he died and
was placed with his people. {25:18} Now he had lived from
15
Havilah as far as Shur, which overlooks Egypt as it
approaches the Assyrians. He passed away in the sight of all
his brothers. {25:19} Likewise, these are the generations of
Isaac, the son of Abraham. Abraham conceived Isaac,
{25:20} who, when he was forty years old, took Rebekah, the
sister of Laban, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian from
Mesopotamia, as a wife. {25:21} And Isaac beseeched the
Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was barren. And he
heard him, and he gave conception to Rebekah. {25:22} But
the little ones struggled in her womb. So she said, “If it was
to be so with me, what need was there to conceive?” And she
went to consult the Lord. {25:23} And responding, he said,
“Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples will be
divided out of your womb, and one people will overcome the
other people, and the elder will serve the younger.”
{25:24} Now the time had arrived to give birth, and behold,
twins were discovered in her womb. {25:25} He who
departed first was red, and entirely hairy like a pelt; and his
name was called Esau. At once the other departed and he
held his brother’s foot in his hand; and because of this he was
called Jacob. {25:26} Isaac was sixty years old when the little
ones were born to him. {25:27} And as adults, Esau became
a knowledgeable hunter and a man of agriculture, but Jacob,
a simple man, dwelt in tents. {25:28} Isaac was fond of Esau,
because he was fed from his hunting; and Rebekah loved
Jacob. {25:29} Then Jacob boiled a small meal. Esau, when
he had arrived weary from the field, {25:30} said to him,
“Give me this red stew, for I am very tired.” For this reason,
his name was called Edom. {25:31} Jacob said to him, “Sell
me your right of the firstborn.” {25:32} He answered, “Lo, I
am dying, what will the right of the firstborn provide for me?”
{25:33} Jacob said, “So then, swear to me.” Esau swore to
him, and he sold his right of the firstborn. {25:34} And so,
taking bread and the food of lentils, he ate, and he drank, and
he went away, giving little weight to having sold the right of
the firstborn.
[Genesis 26] {26:1} Then, when a famine arose over the land,
after that barrenness which had happened in the days of
Abraham, Isaac went to Abimelech, king of the Palestinians,
in Gerar. {26:2} And the Lord appeared to him, and he said:
“Do not descend into Egypt, but rest in the land that I will
tell you, {26:3} and sojourn in it, and I will be with you, and
I will bless you. For to you and to your offspring I will give
all these regions, completing the oath that I promised to
Abraham your father. {26:4} And I will multiply your
offspring like the stars of heaven. And I will give to your
posterity all these regions. And in your offspring all the
nations of the earth will be blessed, {26:5} because Abraham
obeyed my voice, and kept my precepts and commandments,
and observed the ceremonies and the laws.” {26:6} And so
Isaac remained in Gerar. {26:7} And when he was
questioned by the men of that place about his wife, he
answered, “She is my sister.” For he was afraid to confess her
to be his mate, thinking that perhaps they would put him to
death because of her beauty. {26:8} And when very many
days had passed, and he had remained in the same place,
Abimelech, king of the Palestinians, gazing through a
window, saw him being playful with Rebekah, his wife.
{26:9} And summoning him, he said: “It is clear that she is
your wife. Why did you falsely claim her to be your sister?”
He answered, “I was afraid, lest I might die because of her.”
{26:10} And Abimelech said: “Why have you burdened us?
Someone from the people could have lain with your wife,
and you would have brought a great sin upon us.” And he
instructed all the people, saying, {26:11} “Whoever will
touch the wife of this man will die a death.” {26:12} Then
Isaac sowed in that land, and he found, in that same year,
one hundredfold. And the Lord blessed him. {26:13} And the
man was enriched, and he continued prospering as well as
increasing, until he became very great. {26:14} Likewise, he
had possessions of sheep and of herds, and a very large
family. Because of this, the Palestinians envied him,
{26:15} so, at that time, they obstructed all the wells that the
servants of his father Abraham had dug, filling them with soil.
{26:16} It reached a point where Abimelech himself said to
Isaac, “Move away from us, for you have become very much
more powerful than we.” {26:17} And departing, he then
went toward the torrent of Gerar, and he dwelt there.
{26:18} Again, he dug up other wells, which the servants of
his father Abraham had dug, and which, after his death, the
Philistines had formerly obstructed. And he called them by
the same names that his father had called them before.
{26:19} And they dug in the torrent, and they found living
water. {26:20} But in that place also the shepherds of Gerar
argued against the shepherds of Isaac, by saying, “It is our
water.” For this reason, he called the name of the well,
because of what had happened, ‘Calumny.’ {26:21} Then
they dug up yet another one. And over that one also they
fought, and he called it, ‘Enmity.’ {26:22} Advancing from
there, he dug another well, over which they did not contend.
And so he called its name, ‘Latitude,’ saying, “Now the Lord
has expanded us and caused us to increase across the land.”
{26:23} Then he ascended from that place into Beersheba,
{26:24} where the Lord appeared to him on the same night,
saying: “I am the God of Abraham your father. Do not be
afraid, for I am with you. I will bless you, and I will multiply
your offspring because of my servant Abraham.”
{26:25} And so he built an altar there. And he invoked the
name of the Lord, and he stretched out his tent. And he
instructed his servants to dig a well. {26:26} When
Abimelech, and Ahuzzath, his friend, and Phicol, the leader
of the military, had arrived from Gerar to that place,
{26:27} Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, a
man whom you hate, and whom you have expelled from
among you?” {26:28} And they responded: “We saw that the
Lord is with you, and therefore we said: Let there be an oath
between us, and let us initiate a pact, {26:29} so that you
may not do us any kind of harm, just as we have touched
nothing of yours, and have not caused any injury to you, but
with peace we released you, augmented by the blessing of the
Lord.” {26:30} Therefore, he made them a feast, and after
the food and drink, {26:31} arising in the morning, they
swore to one another. And Isaac sent them away peacefully
to their own place. {26:32} Then, behold, on the same day
the servants of Isaac came, reporting to him about a well
which they had dug, and saying: “We have found water.”
{26:33} Therefore, he called it, ‘Abundance.’ And the name
of the city was established as ‘Beersheba,’ even to the present
day. {26:34} In truth, at forty years of age, Esau took wives:
Judith, the daughter of Beeri, the Hittite, and Basemath, the
daughter of Elon, of the same place. {26:35} And they both
offended the mind of Isaac and Rebekah.
16
[Genesis 27] {27:1} Now Isaac was old, and his eyes were
cloudy, and so he was not able to see. And he called his elder
son Esau, and he said to him, “My son?” And he responded,
“Here I am.” {27:2} His father said to him: “You see that I
am old, and I do not know the day of my death. {27:3} Take
your weapons, the quiver and the bow, and go out. And
when you have taken something by hunting, {27:4} make
from it a small meal for me, just as you know I like, and bring
it, so that I may eat and my soul may bless you before I die.”
{27:5} And when Rebekah had heard this, and he had gone
out into the field to fulfill his father’s order, {27:6} she said to
her son Jacob: “I heard your father speaking with your
brother Esau, and saying to him, {27:7} ‘Bring to me from
your hunting, and make me foods, so that I may eat and bless
you in the sight of the Lord before I die.’ {27:8} Therefore,
now my son, agree to my counsel, {27:9} and go straight to
the flock, and bring me two of the best young goats, so that
from them I may make meat for your father, such as he
willingly eats. {27:10} Then, when you have brought these in
and he has eaten, he may bless you before he dies.”
{27:11} He answered her: “You know that my brother Esau
is a hairy man, and I am smooth. {27:12} If my father should
lay hands on me and perceive it, I am afraid lest he think me
willing to mock him, and I will bring a curse upon myself,
instead of a blessing.” {27:13} And his mother said to him:
“Let this curse be upon me, my son. Yet listen to my voice,
and go directly to bring what I said.” {27:14} He went out,
and he brought, and he gave to his mother. She prepared the
meats, just as she knew his father liked. {27:15} And she
clothed him with the very fine garments of Esau, which she
had at home with her. {27:16} And she encircled his hands
with little pelts from the young goats, and she covered his
bare neck. {27:17} And she gave him the small meal, and she
handed him the bread that she had baked. {27:18} When he
had carried these in, he said, “My father?” And he answered,
“I’m listening. Who are you, my son?” {27:19} And Jacob
said: “I am Esau, your firstborn. I have done as you
instructed me. Arise; sit and eat from my hunting, so that
your soul may bless me.” {27:20} And again Isaac said to his
son, “How were you able to find it so quickly, my son?” He
answered, “It was the will of God, so that what I sought met
with me quickly.” {27:21} And Isaac said, “Come here, so
that I may touch you, my son, and may prove whether you
are my son Esau, or not.” {27:22} He approached his father,
and when he had felt him, Isaac said: “The voice indeed is
the voice of Jacob. But the hands are the hands of Esau.”
{27:23} And he did not recognize him, because his hairy
hands made him seem similar to the elder one. Therefore,
blessing him, {27:24} he said, “Are you my son Esau?” He
answered, “I am.” {27:25} Then he said, “Bring me the foods
from your hunting, my son, so that my soul may bless you.”
And when he had eaten what was offered, he also brought
forth wine for him. And after he finished it, {27:26} he said
to him, “Come to me and give me a kiss, my son.”
{27:27} He approached and kissed him. And immediately he
perceived the fragrance of his garments. And so, blessing him,
he said: “Behold, the smell of my son is like the smell of a
plentiful field, which the Lord has blessed. {27:28} May God
give to you, from the dew of heaven and from the fatness of
the earth, an abundance of grain and wine. {27:29} And may
the peoples serve you, and may the tribes reverence you. May
you be the lord of your brothers, and may your mother’s sons
bow down before you. Whoever curses you, may he be
cursed, and whoever blesses you, may he be filled with
blessings.” {27:30} Scarcely had Isaac completed his words,
and Jacob departed, when Esau arrived. {27:31} And he
brought his father foods cooked from his hunting, saying,
“Arise, my father, and eat from your son’s hunting, so that
your soul may bless me.” {27:32} And Isaac said to him,
“But who are you?” And he answered, “I am your firstborn
son, Esau.” {27:33} Isaac became frightened and very
astonished. And wondering beyond what can be believed, he
said: “Then who is he that a while ago brought me the prey
from his hunting, from which I ate, before you arrived? And I
blessed him, and he will be blessed.” {27:34} Esau, having
heard his father’s words, roared out with a great outcry. And,
being confounded, he said, “But bless me also, my father.”
{27:35} And he said, “Your twin came deceitfully, and he
received your blessing.” {27:36} But he responded: “Justly is
his name called Jacob. For he has supplanted me yet another
time. My birthright he took away before, and now, this
second time, he has stolen my blessing.” And again, he said
to his father, “Have you not reserved a blessing for me also?”
{27:37} Isaac answered: “I have appointed him as your lord,
and I have subjugated all his brothers as his servants. I have
reinforced him with grain and wine, and after this, my son,
what more shall I do for you?” {27:38} And Esau said to him:
“Have you only one blessing, father? I beg you, bless me
also.” And when he wept with a loud wail, {27:39} Isaac was
moved, and he said to him: “In the fatness of the earth, and
in the dew of heaven from above, {27:40} will your blessing
be. You will live by the sword, and you will serve your
brother. But the time will arrive when you will shake off and
release his yoke from your neck.” {27:41} Therefore, Esau
always hated Jacob, for the blessing with which his father had
blessed him. And he said in his heart, “The days will arrive
for the mourning of my father, and I will kill my brother
Jacob.” {27:42} These things were reported to Rebekah. And
sending and calling for her son Jacob, she said to him,
“Behold, your brother Esau is threatening to kill you.
{27:43} Therefore, now my son, listen to my voice. Rise up
and flee to my brother Laban, in Haran. {27:44} And you
will dwell with him for a few days, until the fury of your
brother subsides, {27:45} and his indignation ceases, and he
forgets the things that you have done to him. After this, I will
send for you and bring you from there to here. Why should I
be bereaved of both my sons in one day?” {27:46} And
Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am weary of my life because of the
daughters of Heth. If Jacob accepts a wife from the stock of
this land, I would not be willing to live.”
[Genesis 28] {28:1} And so Isaac called for Jacob, and he
blessed him, and he instructed him, saying: “Do not be
willing to accept a mate from the family of Canaan.
{28:2} But go, and journey to Mesopotamia of Syria, to the
house of Bethuel, your mother’s father, and there accept for
yourself a wife from the daughters of Laban, your maternal
uncle. {28:3} And may God almighty bless you, and may he
cause you to increase and also to multiply, so that you may
be influential among the people. {28:4} And may he give the
blessings of Abraham to you, and to your offspring after you,
so that you may possess the land of your sojourning, which
he promised to your grandfather.” {28:5} And when Isaac
had dismissed him, setting out, he went to Mesopotamia of
17
Syria, to Laban, the son of Bethuel, the Syrian, the brother to
Rebekah, his mother. {28:6} But Esau, seeing that his father
had blessed Jacob and had sent him into Mesopotamia of
Syria, to take a wife from there, and that, after the blessing,
he had instructed him, saying: ‘You shall not accept a wife
from the daughters of Canaan,’ {28:7} and that Jacob,
obeying his parents, had gone into Syria, {28:8} having
evidence also that his father did not look with favor upon the
daughters of Canaan, {28:9} he went to Ishmael, and he took
as a wife, beside those he had before, Mahalath, the daughter
of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebaioth.
{28:10} Meanwhile Jacob, having departed from Beersheba,
continued on to Haran. {28:11} And when he had arrived at
a certain place, where he would rest after the setting of the
sun, he took some of the stones that lay there, and placing
them under his head, he slept in the same place. {28:12} And
he saw in his sleep: a ladder standing upon the earth, with its
top touching heaven, also, the Angels of God ascending and
descending by it, {28:13} and the Lord, leaning upon the
ladder, saying to him: “I am the Lord, the God of Abraham
your father, and the God of Isaac. The land, in which you
sleep, I will give to you and to your offspring. {28:14} And
your offspring will be like the dust of the earth. You will
spread abroad to the West, and to the East, and to the North,
and to the Meridian. And in you and in your offspring, all the
tribes of the earth shall be blessed. {28:15} And I will be your
guardian wherever you will journey, and I will bring you
back into this land. Neither will I dismiss you, until I have
accomplished all that I have said.” {28:16} And when Jacob
had awakened from sleep, he said, “Truly, the Lord is in this
place, and I did not know it.” {28:17} And being terrified, he
said: “How terrible this place is! This is nothing other than
the house of God and the gateway of heaven.”
{28:18} Therefore, Jacob, arising in the morning, took the
stone which he had placed under his head, and he set it up as
monument, pouring oil over it. {28:19} And he called the
name of the city, ‘Bethel,’ which before was called Luz.
{28:20} And then he made a vow, saying: “If God will be
with me, and will guard me along the way by which I walk,
and will give me bread to eat and clothing to wear,
{28:21} and if I will return prosperously to my father’s house,
then the Lord will be my God, {28:22} and this stone, which
I have set up as a monument, will be called ‘the House of
God.’ And from all the things that you will give to me, I will
offer tithes to you.”
[Genesis 29] {29:1} And so Jacob, setting out, arrived in the
eastern land. {29:2} And he saw a well in a field, and also
three flocks of sheep reclining near it. For the animals were
watered from it, and its mouth was closed with a great stone.
{29:3} And the custom was, when all the sheep were
gathered together, to roll away the stone. And when the
flocks had been refreshed, they placed it over the mouth of
the well again. {29:4} And he said to the shepherds,
“Brothers, where are you from?” And they answered. “From
Haran.” {29:5} And questioning them, he said, “Do you
know Laban, the son of Nahor?” They said, “We know
him.” {29:6} He said, “Is he well?” “He is very well,” they
said. “And behold, his daughter Rachel approaches with his
flock.” {29:7} And Jacob said, “There is still much daylight
remaining, and it is not time to return the flocks to the
sheepfold. Give the sheep to drink first, and then lead them
back to pasture.” {29:8} They responded, “We cannot, until
all the animals are gathered together and we remove the
stone from the mouth of the well, so that we may water the
flocks.” {29:9} They were still speaking, and behold, Rachel
arrived with her father’s sheep; for she pastured the flock.
{29:10} When Jacob had seen her, and he realized that she
was his maternal first cousin, and that these were the sheep of
his uncle Laban, he removed the stone which closed the well.
{29:11} And having watered the flock, he kissed her. And
lifting up his voice, he wept. {29:12} And he revealed to her
that he was a brother of her father, and the son of Rebekah.
And so, hurrying, she announced it to her father.
{29:13} And when he had heard that Jacob, his sister’s son,
had arrived, he ran to meet him. And embracing him, and
kissing him heartily, he brought him into his house. But when
he had heard the reasons for his journey, {29:14} he
responded, “You are my bone and my flesh.” And after the
days of one month were completed, {29:15} he said to him:
“Though you are my brother, will you serve me for nothing?
Tell me what wages you would accept.” {29:16} In truth, he
had two daughters: the name of the elder was Leah; and truly
the younger was called Rachel. {29:17} But while Leah was
bleary-eyed, Rachel had an elegant appearance and was
attractive to behold. {29:18} And Jacob, loving her, said, “I
will serve you for seven years, for your younger daughter
Rachel.” {29:19} Laban responded, “It is better that I give
her to you than to another man; remain with me.”
{29:20} Therefore, Jacob served for seven years for Rachel.
And these seemed like only a few days, because of the
greatness of love. {29:21} And he said to Laban, “Give my
wife to me. For now the time has been fulfilled, so that I may
go in to her.” {29:22} And he, having called a great crowd of
his friends to the feast, agreed to the marriage. {29:23} And
at night, he brought in his daughter Leah to him,
{29:24} giving his daughter a handmaid named Zilpah. After
Jacob had gone in to her, according to custom, when
morning had arrived, he saw Leah. {29:25} And he said to
his father-in-law, “What is it that you intended to do? Did I
not serve you for Rachel? Why have you deceived me?”
{29:26} Laban responded, “It is not the practice in this place
to give the younger in marriage first. {29:27} Complete a
week of days with this mating. And then I will give this one
to you also, for the service that you will provide to me for
another seven years.” {29:28} He agreed to his pleading. And
after the week had passed, he took Rachel as a wife.
{29:29} To her, the father had given Bilhah as her servant.
{29:30} And, having at last obtained the marriage he desired,
he preferred the love of the latter before the former, and he
served with him another seven years. {29:31} But the Lord,
seeing that he despised Leah, opened her womb, but her
sister remained barren. {29:32} Having conceived, she gave
birth to a son, and she called his name Reuben, saying: “The
Lord saw my humiliation; now my husband will love me.”
{29:33} And again she conceived and bore a son, and she
said, “Because the Lord heard that I was treated with
contempt, he has also given this one to me.” And she called
his name Simeon. {29:34} And she conceived a third time,
and she gave birth to another son, and she said: “Now
likewise my husband will unite with me, because I have
borne him three sons.” And because of this, she called his
name Levi. {29:35} A fourth time she conceived and bore a
son, and she said, “Only now will I confess to the Lord.”
18
And for this reason, she called him Judah. And she ceased
from child-bearing.
[Genesis 30] {30:1} Then Rachel, discerning that she was
infertile, envied her sister, and so she said to her husband,
“Give me children, otherwise I will die.” {30:2} Jacob, being
angry, responded to her, “Am I in the place of God, who has
deprived you of the fruit of your womb?” {30:3} But she said:
“I have a handmaid Bilhah. Go in to her, so that she may
give birth upon my knees, and I may have sons by her.”
{30:4} And she gave him Bilhah in marriage. {30:5} And
when her husband had gone in to her, she conceived and bore
a son. {30:6} And Rachel said, “The Lord has judged for me,
and he has heeded my voice, giving me a son.” And because
of this, she called his name Dan. {30:7} And conceiving
again, Bilhah bore another, {30:8} about whom Rachel said,
“God has compared me with my sister, and I have
prevailed.” And she called him Naphtali. {30:9} Leah,
perceiving that she had desisted from child-bearing, delivered
Zilpah, her handmaid, to her husband. {30:10} And she, after
having borne a son with difficulty, {30:11} said:
“Happiness!” And for this reason, she called his name Gad.
{30:12} Likewise, Zilpah bore another. {30:13} And Leah
said, “This one is for my happiness. Indeed, women will call
me blessed.” Because of this, she called him Asher.
{30:14} Then Reuben, going out into the field at the time of
the wheat harvest, found mandrakes. These he brought to his
mother Leah. And Rachel said, “Give me a portion of your
son’s mandrakes.” {30:15} She responded, “Does it seem like
such a small matter to you, that you have usurped from me
my husband, unless you will also take my son’s mandrakes?”
Rachel said, “He will sleep with you this night because of
your son’s mandrakes.” {30:16} And when Jacob returned
from the field in the evening, Leah went out to meet him, and
she said, “You will enter to me, because I have hired you for
the reward of my son’s mandrakes.” And he slept with her
that night. {30:17} And God heard her prayers. And she
conceived and bore a fifth son. {30:18} And she said, “God
has given a reward to me, because I gave my handmaid to my
husband.” And she called his name Issachar.
{30:19} Conceiving again, Leah bore a sixth son.
{30:20} And she said: “God has endowed me with a good
dowry. And now, at this turn, my husband will be with me,
because I have conceived six sons for him.” And therefore
she called his name Zebulun. {30:21} After him, she bore a
daughter, named Dinah. {30:22} The Lord, likewise
remembering Rachel, heeded her and opened her womb.
{30:23} And she conceived and bore a son, saying, “God has
taken away my reproach.” {30:24} And she called his name
Joseph, saying, “The Lord has added to me another son.”
{30:25} But when Joseph was born, Jacob said to his fatherin-
law: “Release me, so that I may return to my native
country and to my land. {30:26} Give me my wives, and my
children, for whom I have served you, so that I may depart.
You know the servitude with which I have served you.”
{30:27} Laban said to him: “May I find grace in your sight. I
have learned by experience that God has blessed me because
of you. {30:28} Choose your wages, which I will give you.”
{30:29} But he responded: “You know how I have served
you, and how great your possession became in my hands.
{30:30} You had little before I came to you, and now you
have achieved riches. And the Lord has blessed you since my
arrival. It is just, therefore, that at sometime I also should
provide for my own house.” {30:31} And Laban said, “What
shall I give to you?” But he said, “I want nothing. But if you
will do what I ask, I will feed and guard your sheep again.
{30:32} Go around through all your flocks and separate all
the sheep of variegated or spotted fleece; and whatever will be
darkened or blemished or variegated, as much among the
sheep as among the goats, will be my wages. {30:33} And my
justice will answer on my behalf tomorrow, when the time of
settlement arrives before you. And all that is not variegated or
blemished or darkened, as much among the sheep as among
the goats, these will prove me to be a thief.” {30:34} And
Laban said, “I hold favor for this request.” {30:35} And on
that day he separated the she-goats, and the sheep, and the
he-goats, and the rams with variegations or with blemishes.
But every one of the flock which was of one color, that is, of
white or of black fleece, he delivered into the hands of his
sons. {30:36} And he established a distance of three days
journey between himself and his son-in-law, who pastured
the remainder of his flock. {30:37} Then Jacob, taking green
branches of poplar, and almond, and sycamore trees,
debarked them in part. And when the bark was pulled off, in
the parts that were stripped, there appeared whiteness, yet the
parts that were left whole, remained green. And so, in this
way the color was made variegated. {30:38} And he placed
them in the troughs, where the water was poured out, so that
when the flocks had arrived to drink, they would have the
branches before their eyes, and in their sight they might
conceive. {30:39} And it happened that, in the very heat of
joining together, the sheep looked upon the branches, and
they bore the blemished and the variegated, those speckled
with diverse color. {30:40} And Jacob divided the flock, and
he set the branches in the troughs before the eyes of the rams.
Now whatever was white or black belonged to Laban, but, in
truth, the others belonged to Jacob, for the flocks were
dispersed among one another. {30:41} Therefore, when the
first to arrive were climbing on the ewes, Jacob placed the
branches in the troughs of water before the eyes of the rams
and the sheep, so that they might conceive while they were
gazing upon them. {30:42} Yet when the late arrivals and the
last to conceive were let in, he did not place these. And so
those that arrived late became Laban’s, and those that arrived
first became Jacob’s. {30:43} And the man was enriched
beyond limit, and he had many flocks, women servants and
men servants, camels and donkeys.
[Genesis 31] {31:1} But afterwards, he heard the words of
the sons of Laban, saying, “Jacob has taken all that was our
father’s, and being enlarged by his ability, he has become
famous.” {31:2} Likewise, he observed that Laban’s face was
not the same toward him as it was yesterday and the day
before. {31:3} Most importantly, the Lord was saying to him,
“Return to the land of your fathers and to your generation,
and I will be with you.” {31:4} He sent and called for Rachel
and Leah, in the field where he pastured the flocks,
{31:5} and he said to them: “I see that your father’s face is
not the same toward me as it was yesterday and the day
before. But the God of my father has been with me.
{31:6} And you know that I have served your father with all
my strength. {31:7} Even so, your father has circumvented
me, and he has changed my wages ten times. And yet God
has not permitted him to harm me. {31:8} Whenever he said,
19
‘The speckled will be your wages,’ all the sheep gave birth to
speckled newborns. Yet truly, when he said the contrary,
‘You will take whatever is white for your wages,’ all the
flocks gave birth to white ones. {31:9} And it is God who has
taken your father’s substance and given it to me. {31:10} For
after the time had arrived for the ewes to conceive, I lifted up
my eyes, and I saw in my sleep that the males climbing on
the females were of variegated, and spotted, and diverse
colors. {31:11} And the Angel of God said to me in my sleep,
‘Jacob.’ And I responded, ‘Here I am.’ {31:12} And he said:
‘Lift up your eyes, and see that all the males climbing on the
females are variegated, spotted, and also speckled. For I have
seen all that Laban has done to you. {31:13} I am the God of
Bethel, where you anointed the stone and made a vow to me.
Now therefore arise, and depart from this land, returning to
the land of your nativity.’ ” {31:14} And Rachel and Leah
responded: “Have we anything left behind among the
resources and inheritance of our father’s house? {31:15} Has
he not considered us as foreigners, and sold us, and
consumed our price? {31:16} But God has taken our father’s
riches and handed these to us and to our sons. Therefore, do
all that God has instructed you.” {31:17} And so Jacob rose
up, and having placed the children and his wives upon
camels, he went forth. {31:18} And he took all his substance
and flocks, and whatever he had acquired in Mesopotamia,
and he journeyed to his father Isaac, in the land of Canaan.
{31:19} At that time, Laban had gone to shear the sheep, and
so Rachel stole her father’s idols. {31:20} And Jacob was not
willing to confess to his father-in-law that he was fleeing.
{31:21} And when he had gone away with all such things
that were justly his, and, having crossed the river, was
continuing on toward Mount Gilead, {31:22} it was reported
to Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled. {31:23} And
taking his brothers with him, he pursued him for seven days.
And he overtook him at Mount Gilead. {31:24} And he saw
in a dream, God saying to him, “Beware that you not speak
anything harsh against Jacob.” {31:25} And now Jacob had
pitched his tent at the mountain. And when he, with his
brothers, had overtaken him, he set his tent at the same place
at Mount Gilead. {31:26} And he said to Jacob: “Why have
you acted this way, departing from me in secret, with my
daughters like captives of the sword? {31:27} Why would
you want to flee without my knowledge and without telling
me, though I might have led you forward with gladness, and
songs, and timbrels, and lyres? {31:28} You have not
permitted me to kiss my sons and daughters. You have acted
foolishly. And now, indeed, {31:29} my hand has power to
repay you with harm. But the God of your father said to me
yesterday, ‘Beware that you not speak anything stern against
Jacob.’ {31:30} It may be that you desired to go to your own,
and that you longed for the house of your father. But why
have you stolen my gods?” {31:31} Jacob answered: “I set
out, unknown to you, because I feared that you might take
away your daughters by violence. {31:32} But, since you
accuse me of theft, with whomever you will find your gods,
let him be slain in the sight of our brothers. Search; anything
of yours that you will find with me, take it away.” Now when
he said this, he did not know that Rachel had stolen the idols.
{31:33} And so Laban, entering the tent of Jacob, and of
Leah, and of both the handmaids, did not find them. And
when he had entered the tent of Rachel, {31:34} she quickly
hid the idols under the camel’s bedding, and she sat upon
them. And when he had searched the entire tent and found
nothing, {31:35} she said: “Do not be angry, my lord, that I
am unable to rise up in your sight, because it has now
happened to me according to the custom of women.” So his
careful search was thwarted. {31:36} And Jacob, being
inflated, said with contention: “For which fault of mine, or
for what sin of mine, have you become so enraged against me
{31:37} and searched all the items of my house? What have
you found from all the substance of your house? Place it here
before my brothers, and your brothers, and let them judge
between me and you. {31:38} For what reason have I been
with you for twenty years? Your ewes and she-goats were not
barren; the rams of your flocks I did not consume.
{31:39} Neither did I reveal to you what was seized by the
wild beast. I replaced all that was damaged. Whatever was
lost by theft, you collected it from me. {31:40} Day and night,
I was burned by heat and by frost, and sleep fled from my
eyes. {31:41} And in this way, for twenty years, I have served
you in your house: fourteen for your daughters, and six for
your flocks. You have also changed my wages ten times.
{31:42} If the God of my father Abraham and the fear of
Isaac had not been close to me, perhaps by now you would
have sent me away naked. But God looked kindly on my
affliction and the labor of my hands, and he rebuked you
yesterday.” {31:43} Laban answered him: “My daughters
and sons, and your flocks, and all that you discern are mine.
What can I do to my sons and grandchildren? {31:44} Come,
therefore, let us enter into a pact, so that it may be a
testimony between me and you.” {31:45} And so Jacob took
a stone, and he set it up as a memorial. {31:46} And he said
to his brothers, “Bring stones.” And they, gathering together
stones, made a tomb, and they ate upon it. {31:47} And
Laban called it, ‘Tomb of Witness,’ and Jacob, ‘Pile of
Testimony;’ each of them according to the fitness of his own
language. {31:48} And Laban said: “This tomb will be a
witness between me and you this day.” (And for this reason,
its name has been called Gilead, that is, ‘Tomb of Witness.’)
{31:49} “May the Lord consider and judge between us, when
we will have withdrawn from one another. {31:50} If you
afflict my daughters, and if you bring in other wives over
them, no one is a witness of our words except God, who
understands beforehand.” {31:51} And again he said to
Jacob. “Lo, this tomb and the stone that I have set up
between me and you, {31:52} will be a witness. This tomb,” I
say, “and the stone, they are for testimony, in case either I
cross beyond it going toward you, or you cross beyond it
thinking to harm me. {31:53} May the God of Abraham, and
the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge between
us.” Therefore, Jacob swore by the fear of his father Isaac.
{31:54} And after he had immolated sacrifices on the
mountain, he called his brothers to eat bread. And when they
had eaten, they lodged there. {31:55} In truth, Laban rose up
in the night, and he kissed his sons and daughters, and he
blessed them. And he returned to his place.
[Genesis 32] {32:1} Likewise, Jacob continued on the
journey that he had begun. And the Angels of God met him.
{32:2} When he had seen them, he said, “These are the
Encampments of God.” And he called the name of that place
Mahanaim, that is, ‘Encampments.’ {32:3} Then he also sent
messengers before him to his brother Esau, in the land of Seir,
in the region of Edom. {32:4} And he instructed them, saying:
20
“You shall speak in this way to my lord Esau: ‘Your brother
Jacob says these things: “I have sojourned with Laban, and I
have been with him until the present day. {32:5} I have oxen,
and donkeys, and sheep, and men servants, and women
servants. And now I send an ambassador to my lord, so that I
may find favor in your sight.” ’ ” {32:6} And the messengers
returned to Jacob, saying, “We went to your brother Esau,
and behold, he rushes to meet you with four hundred men.”
{32:7} Jacob was very afraid. And in his terror, he divided
the people who were with him, likewise the flocks, and the
sheep, and the oxen, and the camels, into two companies,
{32:8} saying: “If Esau goes to one company, and strikes it,
the other company, which is left behind, will be saved.”
{32:9} And Jacob said: “God of my father Abraham, and
God of my father Isaac, O Lord who said to me: ‘Return to
your land, and to the place of your nativity, and I will do well
for you.’ {32:10} I am less than any of your compassions and
your truth, which you have fulfilled to your servant. With my
staff I crossed over this Jordan. And now I go back with two
companies. {32:11} Rescue me from the hand of my brother
Esau, for I am very afraid of him, lest perhaps he may come
and strike down the mother with the sons. {32:12} You did
say that you would do well by me, and that you would
expand my offspring like the sand of the sea, which, because
of its multitude, cannot be numbered.” {32:13} And when he
had slept there that night, he separated, from the things that
he had, gifts for his brother Esau: {32:14} two hundred shegoats,
twenty he-goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams,
{32:15} thirty milking camels with their young, forty cows,
and twenty bulls, twenty she-donkeys, and ten of their young.
{32:16} And he sent them by the hands of his servants, each
flock separately, and he said to his servants: “Pass before me,
and let there be a space between flock and flock.”
{32:17} And he instructed the first, saying: “If you happen to
meet my brother Esau, and he questions you: “Whose are
you?” or, “Where are you going?” or, “Whose are these
which follow you?” {32:18} you shall respond: “Your servant
Jacob’s. He has sent them as a gift to my lord Esau. And he is
also coming after us.” {32:19} Similarly, he gave orders to
the second, and the third, and to all who followed the flocks,
saying: “Speak these same words to Esau, when you find him.
{32:20} And you will add: ‘Your servant Jacob himself also
follows after us, for he said: “I will appease him with the gifts
that go ahead, and after this, I will see him; perhaps he will
be gracious to me.” ’ ” {32:21} And so the gifts went before
him, but he himself lodged that night in the camp.
{32:22} And when he had arisen early, he took his two wives,
and the same number of handmaids, with his eleven sons,
and he crossed over the ford of Jabbok. {32:23} And having
delivered over all the things that belonged to him, {32:24} he
remained alone. And behold, a man wrestled with him until
morning. {32:25} And when he saw that he would not be
able to overcome him, he touched the nerve of his thigh, and
immediately it withered. {32:26} And he said to him,
“Release me, for now the dawn ascends.” He responded, “I
will not release you, unless you bless me.” {32:27} Therefore
he said, “What is your name?” He answered, “Jacob.”
{32:28} But he said, “Your name will not be called Jacob,
but Israel; for if you have been strong against God, how
much more will you prevail against men?” {32:29} Jacob
questioned him, “Tell me, by what name are you called?” He
responded, “Why do you ask my name?” And he blessed him
in the same place. {32:30} And Jacob called the name of the
place Peniel, saying, “I have seen God face to face, and my
soul has been saved.” {32:31} And immediately the sun rose
upon him, after he had crossed beyond Peniel. Yet in truth,
he limped on his foot. {32:32} For this reason, the sons of
Israel, even to the present day, do not eat the nerve that
withered in Jacob’s thigh, because he touched the nerve of his
thigh and it was obstructed.
[Genesis 33] {33:1} Then Jacob, lifting up his eyes, saw Esau
arriving, and with him four hundred men. And he divided the
sons of Leah and Rachel, and of both the handmaids.
{33:2} And he placed the two handmaids and their children
at the beginning. Truly, Leah and her sons were in the second
place. Then Rachel and Joseph were last. {33:3} And
advancing, he reverenced prostrate on the ground seven times,
until his brother approached. {33:4} And so Esau ran to meet
his brother, and he embraced him. And drawing him by his
neck and kissing him, he wept. {33:5} And lifting up his eyes,
he saw the women and their little ones, and he said: “What
do these want for themselves?” and “Are they related to
you?” He responded, “These are the little ones that God has
given as a gift to me, your servant.” {33:6} Then the
handmaids and their sons approached and bowed down.
{33:7} Likewise Leah, with her sons, came near. And when
they had reverenced similarly, last of all, Joseph and Rachel
reverenced. {33:8} And Esau said, “What are these
companies that I have been meeting?” He responded, “So
may I find favor before my lord.” {33:9} But he said, “I have
plenty, my brother; let these be for yourself.” {33:10} And
Jacob said: “I beg you, let it not be so. But if I have found
favor in your eyes, receive a small present from my hands.
For I have looked upon your face as I would look upon the
countenance of God. Be gracious to me, {33:11} and take the
blessing which I have brought to you, and which God, who
bestows all things, has given as a gift to me.” Accepting it
reluctantly, at the insistence of his brother, {33:12} he said,
“Let us go on together, and I will accompany you on your
journey.” {33:13} And Jacob said: “My lord, you know that I
have with me tender little ones, and sheep, and cows with
young. If I cause these to labor too much in walking, all the
flocks will die in one day. {33:14} May it please my lord to
go before his servant. And I will follow gradually in his steps,
as much as I see my little ones to be able, until I arrive to my
lord in Seir.” {33:15} Esau responded, “I beg you, that at
least some of the people who are with me may remain to
accompany you on the way.” But he said, “There is no need.
I have need of one thing only: to find favor in your sight, my
lord.” {33:16} And so Esau returned that day, by the way
that he had arrived, to Seir. {33:17} And Jacob went to
Succoth, where, having built a house and pitched tents, he
called the name of that place Succoth, that is, ‘Tents.’
{33:18} And he crossed over to Salem, a city of the
Shechemites, which is in the land of Canaan, after he
returned from Mesopotamia of Syria. And he lived near the
town. {33:19} And he bought the part of the field in which he
had pitched his tents from the sons of Hamor, the father of
Shechem, for one hundred lambs. {33:20} And erecting an
altar there, he invoked upon it the most strong God of Israel.
[Genesis 34] {34:1} Then Dinah, the daughter of Leah, went
out to see the women of that region. {34:2} And when
21
Shechem, the son of Hamor the Hivite, the leader of that land,
had seen her, he fell in love with her. And so he seized her
and slept with her, overwhelming the virgin by force.
{34:3} And his soul was closely bound to her, and, since she
was sorrowful, he soothed her with flattery. {34:4} And
going on to Hamor, his father, he said, “Obtain this girl for
me as a mate.” {34:5} But when Jacob had heard this, since
his sons were absent and he was occupied in pasturing the
cattle, he remained silent until they came back. {34:6} Then,
when Hamor, the father of Shechem, had gone out to speak
to Jacob, {34:7} behold, his sons arrived from the field. And
hearing what had happened, they were very angry, because
he had done a filthy thing in Israel and, in violating a
daughter of Jacob, had perpetrated an unlawful act.
{34:8} And so Hamor spoke to them: “The soul of my son
Shechem has become attached to your daughter. Give her to
him as a wife. {34:9} And let us celebrate marriages with one
with another. Give us your daughters, and receive our
daughters. {34:10} And live with us. The land is in your
power: cultivate, trade, and possess it.” {34:11} And
Shechem even said to her father and to her brothers: “May I
find favor in your sight, and whatever you will appoint, I will
give. {34:12} Increase the dowry, and request gifts, and I will
freely bestow what you will ask. Only give me this girl as a
wife.” {34:13} The sons of Jacob answered Shechem and his
father with deceit, being enraged at the rape of their sister:
{34:14} “We are not able to do what you ask, nor to give our
sister to an uncircumcised man. For us, this is unlawful and
abominable. {34:15} But we may succeed in this, so as to be
allied with you, if you are willing to become like us, and if all
the male sex among you will be circumcised. {34:16} Then
we will mutually give and receive your daughters as well as
ours; and we will live with you, and we will become one
people. {34:17} But if you will not be circumcised, we will
take our daughter and withdraw.” {34:18} Their offer pleased
Hamor and his son Shechem. {34:19} Neither did the young
man cause any delay; in fact he immediately fulfilled what
was requested. For he loved the girl very much, and he was
well-known throughout his father’s house. {34:20} And
entering at the gate of the city, they spoke to the people:
{34:21} “These men are peaceful, and they want to live
among us. Let them trade in the land and cultivate it, for,
being spacious and broad, it is in need of cultivation. We will
receive their daughters as wives, and we will give them ours.
{34:22} There is one thing that prevents so great a good:
whether we will circumcise our males, imitating the ritual of
their nation. {34:23} And their substance, and cattle, and all
that they possess, will be ours, if only we will acquiesce to
this, and so, in living together, will form one people.”
{34:24} And they all agreed to circumcise every one of the
males. {34:25} And behold, on the third day, when the pain
of the wound was greatest, two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon
and Levi, the brothers of Dinah, boldly entered the city with
swords. And they put to death all of the males. {34:26} They
killed Hamor and Shechem together, taking their sister Dinah
from the house of Shechem. {34:27} And when they had
departed, the other sons of Jacob rushed over the slain, and
they plundered the city in vengeance for the rape.
{34:28} Taking their sheep, and herds, and donkeys, and
laying waste to everything else that was in their houses and in
their fields, {34:29} they also took their little ones and their
wives captive. {34:30} When they had boldly completed
these acts, Jacob said to Simeon and Levi: “You have
troubled me, and you have made me hateful to the
Canaanites and the Perizzites, the inhabitants of this land.
We are few. They, gathering themselves together, may strike
me down, and then both I and my house will be wiped
away.” {34:31} They responded, “Should they abuse our
sister like a prostitute?”
[Genesis 35] {35:1} About this time, God said to Jacob,
“Arise and go up to Bethel, and live there, and make an altar
to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your
brother Esau.” {35:2} In truth, Jacob, having called together
all his house, said: “Cast away the foreign gods that are in
your midst and be cleansed, and also change your garments.
{35:3} Arise, and let us go up to Bethel, so that we may make
an altar there to God, who heeded me in the day of my
tribulation, and who accompanied me on my journey.”
{35:4} Therefore, they gave him all the foreign gods which
they had, and the earrings which were in their ears. And then
he buried them under the terebinth tree, which is beyond the
city of Shechem. {35:5} And when they had set out, the
terror of God invaded all the surrounding cities, and they
dared not pursue them as they withdrew. {35:6} And so,
Jacob arrived at Luz, which is in the land of Canaan, also
named Bethel: he and all the people with him. {35:7} And he
built an altar there, and he called the name of that place,
‘House of God.’ For there God appeared to him when he fled
from his brother. {35:8} About the same time, Deborah, the
nurse of Rebekah, died, and she was buried at the base of
Bethel, under an oak tree. And the name of that place was
called, ‘Oak of Weeping.’ {35:9} Then God appeared again
to Jacob, after he returned from Mesopotamia of Syria, and
he blessed him, {35:10} saying: “You will no longer be called
Jacob, for your name shall be Israel.” And he called him
Israel, {35:11} and he said to him: “I am Almighty God:
increase and multiply. Tribes and peoples of nations will be
from you, and kings will go forth from your loins.
{35:12} And the land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac, I
will give to you, and to your offspring after you.”
{35:13} And he withdrew from him. {35:14} In truth, he set
up a monument of stone, in the place where God had spoken
to him, pouring out libations over it, and pouring oil,
{35:15} and he called the name of that place, ‘Bethel.’
{35:16} Then, departing from there, he arrived in springtime
at the land that leads to Ephrath. And there, when Rachel
was giving birth, {35:17} because it was a difficult birth, she
began to be in danger. And the midwife said to her, “Do not
be afraid, for you will have this son also.” {35:18} Then,
when her life was departing because of the pain, and death
was now imminent, she called the name of her son Benoni,
that is, the son of my pain. Yet truly, his father called him
Benjamin, that is, the son of the right hand. {35:19} And so
Rachel died, and she was buried in the way that leads to
Ephrath: this place is Bethlehem. {35:20} And Jacob erected
a monument over her sepulcher. This is the monument to
Rachel’s tomb, even to the present day. {35:21} Departing
from there, he pitched his tent beyond the Tower of the Flock.
{35:22} And when he was living in that region, Reuben went
out, and he slept with Bilhah the concubine of his father,
which was not such a small matter as to be hidden from him.
Now the sons of Jacob were twelve. {35:23} The sons of
Leah: Reuben the first born, and Simeon, and Levi, and
22
Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun. {35:24} The sons of
Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. {35:25} The sons of Bilhah,
handmaid of Rachel: Dan and Naphtali. {35:26} The sons of
Zilpah, handmaid of Leah: Gad and Asher. These are the
sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Mesopotamia of
Syria. {35:27} And then he went to his father Isaac in Mamre,
the city of Arba: this place is Hebron, where Abraham and
Isaac sojourned. {35:28} And the days of Isaac were
completed: one hundred and eighty years. {35:29} And being
consumed by old age, he died. And he was placed with his
people, being old and full of days. And his sons, Esau and
Jacob, buried him.
[Genesis 36] {36:1} Now these are the generations of Esau,
who is Edom. {36:2} Esau took wives from the daughters of
Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and
Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon
the Hivite, {36:3} and Basemath, the daughter of Ishmael,
sister of Nebaioth. {36:4} Then Adah bore Eliphaz.
Basemath conceived Reuel. {36:5} Oholibamah conceived
Jeush, and Jalam, and Korah. These are the sons of Esau,
who were born to him in the land of Canaan. {36:6} Then
Esau took his wives, and sons, and daughters, and every soul
of his house, and his substance, and cattle, and whatever he
was able to obtain in the land of Canaan, and he went into
another region, withdrawing from his brother Jacob.
{36:7} For they were very wealthy and were not able to live
together. Neither was the land of their sojourn able to sustain
them, because of the multitude of their flocks. {36:8} And
Esau lived at mount Seir: he is Edom. {36:9} So these are the
generations of Esau, the father of Edom, at mount Seir,
{36:10} and these are the names of his sons: Eliphaz the son
of Adah, the wife of Esau, likewise Reuel, the son of
Basemath, his wife. {36:11} And Eliphaz had sons: Teman,
Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenez. {36:12} Now Timna
was the concubine of Eliphaz, the son of Esau. And she bore
him Amalek. These are the sons of Adah, the wife of Esau.
{36:13} And the sons of Reuel were Nahath and Zerah,
Shammah and Mizzah. These are the sons of Basemath, the
wife of Esau. {36:14} Likewise, these were the sons of
Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon,
the wife of Esau, whom she bore to him: Jeush, and Jalam,
and Korah. {36:15} These were leaders of the sons of Esau,
the sons of Eliphaz, the firstborn of Esau: leader Teman,
leader Omar, leader Zepho, leader Kenez, {36:16} leader
Korah, leader Gatam, leader Amalek. These are the sons of
Eliphaz, in the land of Edom, and these the sons of Adah.
{36:17} Likewise, these are the sons of Reuel, the son of Esau:
leader Nahath, leader Zerah, leader Shammah, leader
Mizzah. And these were the leaders of Reuel, in the land of
Edom. These are the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau.
{36:18} Now these are the sons of Oholibamah, the wife of
Esau: leader Jeush, leader Jalam, leader Korah. These were
the leaders of Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah and the
wife of Esau. {36:19} These are the sons of Esau, and these
were their leaders: this is Edom. {36:20} These are the sons
of Seir, the Horite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, and
Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, {36:21} and Dishon, and
Ezer, and Dishan. These were the leaders of the Horites, the
sons of Seir, in the land of Edom. {36:22} Now Lotan
produced sons: Hori and Heman. But the sister of Lotan was
Timna. {36:23} And these are the sons of Shobal: Alvan, and
Manahath, and Ebal, and Shepho, and Onam. {36:24} And
these are the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah. This is the
Anah who found the hot springs in the wilderness, when he
was pasturing the donkeys of his father Zibeon. {36:25} And
he had a son Dishon, and a daughter Oholibamah.
{36:26} And these are the sons of Dishon: Hemdan, and
Esheban, and Ithran, and Cheran. {36:27} Likewise, these
are the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, and Zaavan, and Akan.
{36:28} Then Dishan had sons: Uz and Aran. {36:29} These
were the leaders of the Horites: leader Lotan, leader Shobal,
leader Zibeon, leader Anah, {36:30} leader Dishon, leader
Ezer, leader Disan. These were leaders of the Horites who
ruled in the land of Seir. {36:31} Now before the sons of
Israel had a king, the kings who ruled in the land of Edom
were these: {36:32} Bela the son of Beor, and the name of his
city was Dinhabah. {36:33} Then Bela died, and Jobab, the
son of Zerah from Bozrah, reigned in his place. {36:34} And
when Jobab was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites
reigned in his place. {36:35} Likewise, this one having died,
Hadad the son of Bedad reigned in his place. He struck down
Midian in the region of Moab. And the name of his city was
Avith. {36:36} And when Adad was dead, Samlah of
Masrekah reigned in his place. {36:37} Likewise, this one
being dead, Shaul of the river Rehoboth, reigned in his place.
{36:38} And when he also had passed away, Baal-hanan, the
son of Achbor, succeeded to the kingdom. {36:39} Likewise,
this one being dead, Hadar reigned in his place; and the name
of his city was Pau. And his wife was called Mehetabel, the
daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezahab. {36:40} Therefore,
these were the names of the leaders of Esau, by their families,
and places, and in their vocabulary: leader Timna, leader
Alvah, leader Jetheth, {36:41} leader Oholibamah, leader
Elah, leader Pinon, {36:42} leader Kanez, leader Teman,
leader Mibzar, {36:43} leader Magdiel, leader Iram. These
were the leaders of Edom living in the land of their rule: this
is Esau, the father of Idumea.
[Genesis 37] {37:1} Now Jacob lived in the land of Canaan,
where his father sojourned. {37:2} And these are his
generations. Joseph, when he was sixteen years old, was
pasturing the flock with his brothers, when he was still a boy.
And he was with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, the wives of
his father. And he accused his brothers to their father of a
most sinful crime. {37:3} Now Israel loved Joseph above all
his sons, because he had conceived him in his old age. And
he made him a tunic, woven of many colors. {37:4} Then his
brothers, seeing that he was loved by his father more than all
his other sons, hated him, and they were not able to say
anything peacefully to him. {37:5} Then it also happened
that he recounted the vision of a dream to his brothers, for
which reason a greater hatred began to be nurtured.
{37:6} And he said to them, “Listen to my dream that I saw.
{37:7} I thought we were binding sheaves in the field. And
my sheaf seemed to rise up and stand, and your sheaves,
standing in a circle, reverenced my sheaf.” {37:8} His
brothers responded: “Would you be our king? Or will we be
subject to your dominion?” Therefore, this matter of his
dreams and words provided kindling to their envy and hatred.
{37:9} Likewise, he saw another dream, which he explained
to his brothers, saying, “I saw by a dream, as if the sun, and
the moon, and eleven stars were reverencing me.”
{37:10} And when he had related this to his father and
23
brothers, his father rebuked him, and he said: “What does it
mean to you, this dream that you have seen? Should I, and
your mother, and your brothers reverence you upon the
earth?” {37:11} Therefore, his brothers were envious of him.
Yet truly, his father considered the matter silently.
{37:12} And while his brothers were lodging at Shechem,
pasturing their father’s flocks, {37:13} Israel said to him:
“Your brothers are pasturing the sheep at Shechem. Come, I
will send you to them.” And when he answered, {37:14} “I
am ready,” he said to him, “Go, and see if everything is
prospering with your brothers and the cattle, and report to me
what is happening.” So, having been sent from the valley of
Hebron, he arrived at Shechem. {37:15} And a man found
him wandering in a field, and he asked him what he was
seeking. {37:16} So he responded: “I seek my brothers. Tell
me where they pasture the flocks.” {37:17} And the man said
to him: “They have withdrawn from this place. But I heard
them saying, ‘Let us go to Dothan.’ ” Therefore, Joseph
continued on after his brothers, and he found them at Dothan.
{37:18} And, when they had seen him from afar, before he
approached them, they decided to kill him. {37:19} And they
said one to another: “Behold, the dreamer approaches.
{37:20} Come, let us kill him and cast him into the old
cistern. And let us say: ‘an evil wild beast has devoured him.’
And then it will become apparent what his dreams will do for
him.” {37:21} But Reuben, on hearing this, strove to free him
from their hands, and he said: {37:22} “Do not take away his
life, nor shed blood. But throw him into this cistern, which is
in the wilderness, and so keep your hands harmless.” But he
said this, wanting to rescue him from their hands, so as to
return him to his father. {37:23} And so, as soon as he came
to his brothers, they very quickly stripped him of his tunic,
which was ankle-length and woven of many colors,
{37:24} and they cast him into an old cistern, which held no
water. {37:25} And sitting down to eat bread, they saw some
Ishmaelites, travelers coming from Gilead, with their camels,
carrying spices, and resin, and oil of myrrh into Egypt.
{37:26} Therefore, Judah said to his brothers: “What will it
profit us, if we kill our brother and conceal his blood?
{37:27} It is better that he be sold to the Ishmaelites, and then
our hands will not be defiled. For he is our brother and our
flesh.” His brothers agreed to his words. {37:28} And when
the Midianite merchants were passing by, they drew him
from the cistern, and they sold him to the Ishmaelites for
twenty pieces of silver. And these led him into Egypt.
{37:29} And Reuben, returning to the cistern, did not find the
boy. {37:30} And rending his garments, he went to his
brothers and said, “The boy is not present, and so where shall
I go?” {37:31} Then they took his tunic, and they dipped it in
the blood of a young goat, which they had killed,
{37:32} sending those who carried it to their father, and they
said: “We found this. See whether it is the tunic of your son
or not.” {37:33} And when the father acknowledged it, he
said: “It is the tunic of my son. An evil wild beast has eaten
him; a beast has devoured Joseph.” {37:34} And tearing his
garments, he was clothed in haircloth, mourning his son for a
long time. {37:35} Then, when all of his sons gathered
together to ease their father’s sorrow, he was not willing to
accept consolation, but he said: “I will descend in mourning
to my son in the underworld.” And while he persevered in
weeping, {37:36} the Midianites in Egypt sold Joseph to
Potiphar, a eunuch of Pharaoh, instructor of the soldiers.
[Genesis 38] {38:1} About the same time, Judah, descending
from his brothers, turned toward an Adullamite man, named
Hirah. {38:2} And he saw there the daughter of a man called
Shua, of Canaan. And taking her as a wife, he entered to her.
{38:3} And she conceived and bore a son, and she called his
name Er. {38:4} And conceiving offspring again, having
given birth to a son, she called him Onan. {38:5} Likewise,
she bore a third, whom she called Shelah, after whose birth,
she ceased to bear any more. {38:6} Then Judah gave a wife
to his first born Er, whose name was Tamar. {38:7} And it
also happened that Er, the first born of Judah, was wicked in
the sight of the Lord and was killed by him. {38:8} Therefore,
Judah said to his son Onan: “Enter to the wife of your
brother, and associate with her, so that you may raise
offspring to your brother.” {38:9} He, knowing that the sons
to be born would not be his, when he entered to the wife of
his brother, he spilled his seed on the ground, lest children
should be born in his brother’s name. {38:10} And for this
reason, the Lord struck him down, because he did a
detestable thing. {38:11} Because of this matter, Judah said
to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Be a widow in your father’s
house, until my son Shelah grows up.” For he was afraid, lest
he also might die, just as his brothers did. She went away,
and she lived in her father’s house. {38:12} Then, after many
days had passed, the daughter of Shua, the wife of Judah,
died. And when he accepted consolation after his mourning,
he went up to the shearers of his sheep at Timnah, he and
Hirah, the herdsman of the Adullamite flock. {38:13} And it
was reported to Tamar that her father-in-law had gone up to
Timnah to shear the sheep. {38:14} And storing away the
garments of her widowhood, she took up a veil. And
changing her clothing, she sat at the crossroad that leads to
Timnah, because Shelah had grown up, and she had not
received him as a husband. {38:15} And when Judah saw her,
he thought her to be a harlot. For she had covered her face,
lest she be recognized. {38:16} And entering to her, he said,
“Permit me to join with you.” For he did not know her to be
his daughter-in-law. And she responded, “What will you give
to me, to enjoy me as a concubine?” {38:17} He said, “I will
send you a young goat from the flock.” And again, she said,
“I will allow what you want, if you give me a pledge, until
you may send what you promise.” {38:18} Judah said,
“What do you want to be given for a pledge?” She responded,
“Your ring and bracelet, and the staff that you hold in your
hand.” Thereupon, the woman, from one sexual encounter,
conceived. {38:19} And she arose and went away. And
storing away the garments that she had taken up, she was
clothed in the garments of her widowhood. {38:20} Then
Judah sent a young goat by his shepherd, the Adullamite, so
that he might receive the pledge that he had given to the
woman. But, when he had not found her, {38:21} he
questioned the men of that place: “Where is the woman who
sat at the crossroad?” And they all responded, “There has
been no harlot in this place.” {38:22} He returned to Judah,
and he said to him: “I did not find her. Moreover, the men of
that place told me that a prostitute had never sat there.”
{38:23} Judah said: “Let her hold herself to blame. Certainly,
she is not able to accuse us of a lie. I sent the young goat that
I had promised, and you did not find her.” {38:24} And
behold, after three months, they reported to Judah, saying,
“Tamar, your daughter-in-law, has committed fornication
24
and her abdomen appears to be enlarged.” And Judah said,
“Produce her, so that she may be burned.” {38:25} But when
she was led out to the punishment, she sent to her father-inlaw,
saying: “I conceived by the man to whom these things
belong. Recognize whose ring, and bracelet, and staff this is.”
{38:26} But he, acknowledging the gifts, said: “She is more
just than I am. For I did not deliver her to my son Shelah.”
However, he knew her no more. {38:27} Then, at the
moment of birth, there appeared twins in the womb. And so,
in the very delivery of the infants, one put forth a hand, on
which the midwife tied a scarlet thread, saying, {38:28} “This
one will go out first.” {38:29} But in truth, drawing back his
hand, the other came out. And the woman said, “Why is the
partition divided for you?” And for this reason, she called his
name Perez. {38:30} After this, his brother came out, on
whose hand was the scarlet thread. And she called him Zerah.
[Genesis 39] {39:1} Meanwhile, Joseph was led into Egypt.
And Putiphar, a eunuch of Pharaoh, a leader of the army, an
Egyptian man, purchased him from the hand of the
Ishmaelites, by whom he was brought. {39:2} And the Lord
was with him, and he was a man who prospered in
everything that he did. And he lived in the house of his lord,
{39:3} who knew very well that the Lord was with him, and
that all the things that were done by him were directed by his
hand. {39:4} And Joseph found favor in the sight of his lord,
and he ministered to him. And, having been placed in charge
of everything by him, he governed the house that was
entrusted to him and all the things that had been delivered to
him. {39:5} And the Lord blessed the house of the Egyptian,
because of Joseph, and he multiplied all his substance, as
much in the buildings, as in the fields. {39:6} Neither did he
know anything other than the bread that he ate. Now Joseph
was beautiful in form, and stately in appearance. {39:7} And
so, after many days, his mistress cast her eyes on Joseph, and
she said, “Sleep with me.” {39:8} And without consenting at
all to the wicked act, he said to her: “Behold, my lord has
delivered all things to me, and he does not know what he has
in his own house. {39:9} Neither is there anything which is
not in my power, or that he has not delivered to me, except
you, for you are his wife. How then can I do this evil act and
sin against my God?” {39:10} With such words as these,
throughout each day, the woman was pestering the young
man, and he was refusing the adultery. {39:11} Then it
happened, on a certain day, that Joseph entered the house,
and he was doing something, without any witnesses.
{39:12} And she, grasping the hem of his garment, said,
“Sleep with me.” But he, leaving behind the cloak in her
hand, fled and went outside. {39:13} And when the woman
saw the garment in her hands and herself being treated with
disrespect, {39:14} she called to herself the men of her house,
and she said to them: “Lo, he has brought in a Hebrew man
to abuse us. He entered toward me, in order to join with me;
and when I had shouted out, {39:15} and he had heard my
voice, he left behind the cloak that I held, and he fled
outside.” {39:16} As a proof, therefore, of her fidelity, she
retained the cloak, and she showed it to her husband, when
he returned home. {39:17} And she said: “The Hebrew
servant, whom you have brought in to me, approached me to
abuse me. {39:18} And when he had heard me cry out, he
left behind the cloak that I held, and he fled outside.”
{39:19} His lord, upon hearing these things, and having
excessive trust in the words of his mate, was very angry.
{39:20} And he delivered Joseph into prison, where the
prisoners of the king were kept, and he was enclosed in that
place. {39:21} But the Lord was with Joseph, and, having
mercy on him, he gave him favor in the sight of the leader of
the prison, {39:22} who delivered into his hand all the
prisoners who were held in custody. And whatever was done,
was under him. {39:23} Neither did he himself know
anything, having entrusted all things to him. For the Lord
was with him, and he directed everything that he did.
[Genesis 40] {40:1} While these things were going on, it
happened that two eunuchs, the cupbearer of the king of
Egypt, and the miller of grain, offended their lord.
{40:2} And Pharaoh, being angry with them, (now the one
was in charge of the cupbearers, the other of the millers of
grain) {40:3} sent them to the prison of the leader of the
military, in which Joseph also was a prisoner. {40:4} But the
keeper of the prison delivered them to Joseph, who
ministered to them also. Some little time passed by, while
they were held in custody. {40:5} And they both saw a
similar dream on one night, whose interpretations should be
related to one another. {40:6} And when Joseph had entered
to them in the morning, and had seen them sad, {40:7} he
consulted them, saying, “Why is your expression sadder
today than usual?” {40:8} They responded, “We have seen a
dream, and there is no one to interpret it for us.” And Joseph
said to them, “Doesn’t interpretation belong to God?
Recount for me what you have seen.” {40:9} The chief
cupbearer explained his dream first. “I saw before me a vine,
{40:10} on which were three shoots, which grew little by little
into buds, and, after the flowers, it matured into grapes.
{40:11} And the cup of Pharaoh was in my hand. Therefore,
I took the grapes, and I pressed them into the cup that I held,
and I handed the cup to Pharaoh.” {40:12} Joseph responded:
“This is the interpretation of the dream. The three shoots are
the next three days, {40:13} after which Pharaoh will
remember your service, and he will restore you to your
former position. And you will give him the cup according to
your office, as you were accustomed to do before.
{40:14} Only remember me, when it will be well with you,
and do me this mercy, to suggest to Pharaoh to lead me out
of this prison. {40:15} For I have been stolen from the land of
the Hebrews, and here, innocently, I was cast into the pit.”
{40:16} The chief miller of grain, seeing that he had wisely
unraveled the dream, said: “I also saw a dream: that I had
three baskets of meal above my head, {40:17} and in one
basket, which was the highest, I carried all foods that are
made by the art of baking, and the birds ate from it.”
{40:18} Joseph responded: “This is the interpretation of the
dream. The three baskets are the next three days,
{40:19} after which Pharaoh will carry away your head, and
also suspend you from a cross, and the birds will tear your
flesh.” {40:20} The third day thereafter was the birthday of
Pharaoh. And making a great feast for his servants, he
remembered, during the banquet, the chief cupbearer and the
chief miller of grain. {40:21} And he restored the one to his
place, to present him the cup; {40:22} the other he hanged on
a gallows, and thus the truth of the interpreter of dreams was
proven. {40:23} And although he advanced with so much
prosperity, the chief cupbearer forgot his interpreter of
dreams.
25
[Genesis 41] {41:1} After two years, Pharaoh saw a dream.
He thought himself to be standing above a river, {41:2} from
which ascended seven cows, exceedingly beautiful and stout.
And they pastured in marshy places. {41:3} Likewise,
another seven emerged from the river, filthy and thoroughly
emaciated. And they pastured on the same bank of the river,
in green places. {41:4} And they devoured those whose
appearance and condition of body was so wonderful.
Pharaoh, having been awakened, {41:5} slept again, and he
saw another dream. Seven ears of grain sprung up on one
stalk, full and well-formed. {41:6} Likewise, other ears of
grain, of the same number, rose up, thin and struck with
blight, {41:7} devouring all the beauty of the first. Pharaoh,
when he awakened after his rest, {41:8} and when morning
arrived, being terrified with fear, sent to all the interpreters of
Egypt and to all of the wise men. And when they were
summoned, he explained to them his dream; but there was no
one who could interpret it. {41:9} Then at last the chief
cupbearer, remembering, said, “I confess my sin. {41:10} The
king, being angry with his servants, ordered me and the chief
miller of grain to be forced into the prison of the leader of the
military. {41:11} There, in one night, both of us saw a dream
presaging the future. {41:12} In that place, there was a
Hebrew, a servant of the same commander of the military, to
whom we explained our dreams. {41:13} Whatever we heard
was proven afterwards by the event of the matter. For I was
restored to my office, and he was suspended on a cross.”
{41:14} Immediately, by the king’s authority, Joseph was led
out of prison, and they shaved him. And changing his apparel,
they presented him to him. {41:15} And he said to him, “I
have seen dreams, and there is no one who can unfold them.
I have heard that you are very wise at interpreting these.”
{41:16} Joseph responded, “Apart from me, God will
respond favorably to Pharaoh.” {41:17} Therefore, Pharaoh
explained what he had seen: “I thought myself to be standing
on the bank of a river, {41:18} and seven cows climbed up
from the river, exceedingly beautiful and full of flesh. And
they grazed in a pasture of a marshy greenery. {41:19} And
behold, there followed after these, another seven cows, with
such deformity and emaciation as I had never seen in the
land of Egypt. {41:20} These devoured and consumed the
first, {41:21} giving no indication of being full. But they
remained in the same state of emaciation and squalor.
Awakening, but being weighed down into sleep again,
{41:22} I saw a dream. Seven ears of grain sprang up on one
stalk, full and very beautiful. {41:23} Likewise, another seven,
thin and struck with blight, rose up from the stalk.
{41:24} And they devoured the beauty of the first. I
explained this dream to the interpreters, and there is no one
who can unfold it.” {41:25} Joseph responded: “The dream
of the king is one. What God will do, he has revealed to
Pharaoh. {41:26} The seven beautiful cows, and the seven
full ears of grain, are seven years of abundance. And so the
force of the dreams is understood to be the same.
{41:27} Likewise, the seven thin and emaciated cows, which
ascended after them, and the seven thin ears of grain, which
were struck with the burning wind, are seven approaching
years of famine. {41:28} These will be fulfilled in this order.
{41:29} Behold, there will arrive seven years of great fertility
throughout the entire land of Egypt. {41:30} After this, there
will follow another seven years, of such great barrenness that
all the former abundance will be delivered into oblivion. For
the famine will consume all the land, {41:31} and the
greatness of this destitution will cause the greatness of the
abundance to be lost. {41:32} Now, as to what you saw the
second time, it is a dream pertaining to the same thing. It is
an indication of its firmness, because the word of God shall
be done, and it shall be completed swiftly. {41:33} Now
therefore, let the king provide a wise and industrious man,
and place him over the land of Egypt, {41:34} so that he may
appoint overseers throughout all the regions. And let a fifth
part of the fruits, throughout the seven fertile years
{41:35} that now have already begun to occur, be gathered
into storehouses. And let all the grain be stored away, under
the power of Pharaoh, and let it be kept in the cities.
{41:36} And let it be prepared for the future famine of seven
years, which will oppress Egypt, and then the land will not be
consumed by destitution.” {41:37} The counsel pleased
Pharaoh and all his ministers. {41:38} And he said to them,
“Would we be able to find another such man, who is full of
the Spirit of God?” {41:39} Therefore, he said to Joseph:
“Because God has revealed to you all that you have said,
would I be able to find anyone wiser and as much like you?
{41:40} You will be over my house, and to the authority of
your mouth, all the people will show obedience. Only in one
way, in the throne of the kingdom, will I go before you.”
{41:41} And again, Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Behold, I have
appointed you over the entire land of Egypt.” {41:42} And he
took the ring from his own hand, and he gave it into his hand.
And he clothed him with a robe of fine linen, and he placed a
necklace of gold around his neck. {41:43} And he caused him
to ascend upon his second swift chariot, with the herald
proclaiming that everyone should bend their knee before him,
and that they should know that he was governor over the
entire land of Egypt. {41:44} Likewise, the king said to
Joseph: “I am Pharaoh: apart from your authority, no one
will move hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” {41:45} And
he changed his name and called him, in the Egyptian tongue:
‘Savior of the world.’ And he gave him as a wife, Asenath,
the daughter of Potiphera, priest of Heliopolis. And so Joseph
went out into the land of Egypt. {41:46} (Now he was thirty
years old when he stood in the sight of king Pharaoh.) And
he traveled throughout the regions of Egypt. {41:47} And the
fertility of the seven years arrived. And when the grain fields
were reduced to sheaves, these were gathered into the
storehouses of Egypt. {41:48} And now all the abundance of
grain was stored away in every city. {41:49} And there was
such a great abundance of wheat that it was comparable to
the sands of the sea, and its bounty exceeded all measure.
{41:50} Then, before the famine arrived, Joseph had two
sons born, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera, priest
of Heliopolis, bore for him. {41:51} And he called the name
of the firstborn Manasseh, saying, “God has caused me to
forget all my labors and the house of my father.”
{41:52} Likewise, he named the second Ephraim, saying,
“God has caused me to increase in the land of my poverty.”
{41:53} And so, when the seven years of fertility that
occurred in Egypt had passed, {41:54} the seven years of
destitution, which Joseph had predicted, began to arrive. And
the famine prevailed throughout the whole world, but there
was bread in all the land of Egypt. {41:55} And being hungry,
the people cried out to Pharaoh, asking for provisions. And
he said to them: “Go to Joseph. And do whatever he will tell
26
you.” {41:56} Then the famine increased daily in all the land.
And Joseph opened all of the storehouses and sold to the
Egyptians. For the famine had oppressed them also.
{41:57} And all the provinces came to Egypt, to buy food
and to temper the misfortune of their destitution.
[Genesis 42] {42:1} Then Jacob, hearing that food was being
sold in Egypt, said to his sons: “Why are you negligent?
{42:2} I have heard that wheat is being sold in Egypt. Go
down and buy necessities for us, so that we may be able to
live, and not be consumed by destitution.” {42:3} And so,
when ten brothers of Joseph went down to buy grain in Egypt,
{42:4} Benjamin was kept at home by Jacob, who said to his
brothers, “Lest perhaps he may suffer harm on the journey.”
{42:5} And they entered into the land of Egypt with the
others who traveled to buy. For the famine was in the land of
Canaan. {42:6} And Joseph was governor in the land of
Egypt, and grain was sold under his direction to the people.
And when his brothers had reverenced him {42:7} and he
had recognized them, he spoke harshly, as if to foreigners,
questioning them: “Where did you come from?” And they
responded, “From the land of Canaan, to buy necessary
provisions.” {42:8} And although he knew his brothers, he
was not known by them. {42:9} And remembering the
dreams, which he had seen in another time, he said to them:
“You are scouts. You have come in order to see which parts
of the land are weaker.” {42:10} And they said: “It is not so,
my lord. But your servants have arrived in order to buy food.
{42:11} We are all sons of one man. We have come in peace,
nor do any of your subjects devise evil.” {42:12} And he
answered them: “It is otherwise. You have come to examine
the unguarded parts of this land.” {42:13} But they said: “We,
your servants, are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the
land of Canaan. The youngest is with our father; the other is
not living.” {42:14} He said: “This is just as I have said. You
are scouts. {42:15} I will now continue to put you to the test.
By the health of Pharaoh, you will not depart from here, until
your youngest brother arrives. {42:16} Send one of you and
bring him. But you will be in chains, until what you have said
is proven to be either true or false. Otherwise, by the health of
Pharaoh, you are scouts.” {42:17} Therefore, he delivered
them into custody for three days. {42:18} Then, on the third
day, he brought them out of prison, and he said: “Do as I
have said, and you will live. For I fear God. {42:19} If you
are peaceful, let one of your brothers be bound in prison.
Then you may go away and carry the grain that you have
bought to your houses. {42:20} And bring your youngest
brother to me, so that I may be able to test your words, and
you may not die.” They did as he had said, {42:21} and they
spoke to one another: “We deserve to suffer these things,
because we have sinned against our brother, seeing the
anguish of his soul, when he begged us and we would not
listen. For that reason, this tribulation has come upon us.”
{42:22} And Reuben, one of them, said: “Did not I say to
you, ‘Do not sin against the boy,’ and you would not listen to
me? See, his blood is exacted.” {42:23} But they did not
know that Joseph understood, because he was speaking to
them through an interpreter. {42:24} And he turned himself
away briefly and wept. And returning, he spoke to them.
{42:25} And taking Simeon, and binding him in their
presence, he ordered his ministers to fill their sacks with
wheat, and to replace each one’s money in their sacks, and to
give them, in addition, provisions for the way. And they did
so. {42:26} Then, having loaded their donkeys with the grain,
they set out. {42:27} And one of them, opening a sack to give
his beast of burden fodder at the inn, looked upon the money
at the sack’s mouth, {42:28} and he said to his brothers: “My
money has returned to me. See, it is held in the sack.” And
they were astonished and troubled, and they said to one
another, “What is this that God has done to us?”
{42:29} And they went to their father Jacob in the land of
Canaan, and they explained to him all the things that had
befallen them, saying: {42:30} “The lord of the land spoke
harshly to us, and he considered us to be scouts of the
province. {42:31} And we answered him: ‘We are peaceful,
and we do not intend any treachery. {42:32} We are twelve
brothers conceived of one father. One is not living; the
youngest is with our father in the land of Canaan.’
{42:33} And he said to us: ‘Thus will I prove that you are
peaceful. Release one of your brothers to me, and take
necessary provisions for your houses, and go away,
{42:34} and bring your youngest brother to me, so that I may
know that you are not scouts. And this one, who is held in
chains, you may be able to receive again. And thereafter, you
shall have permission to buy what you want.’ ”
{42:35} Having said this, when they poured out their grain,
each found his money tied to the mouth of his sack. And all
were terrified together. {42:36} Their father Jacob said, “You
have caused me to be without children. Joseph is not living,
Simeon is held in chains, and Benjamin you would carry
away. All these evils have fallen back upon me.”
{42:37} And Reuben answered him, “Put my two sons to
death, if I do not lead him back to you. Deliver him into my
hand, and I will restore him to you.” {42:38} But he said:
“My son will not go down with you. His brother is dead, and
he is left alone. If any adversity will befall him in the land to
which you travel, you would lead my grey hairs down with
sorrow to the grave.”
[Genesis 43] {43:1} Meanwhile, the famine pressed heavily
on all the land. {43:2} And having consumed the provisions
that they had brought out of Egypt, Jacob said to his sons,
“Return and buy us a little food.” {43:3} Judah answered:
“The man himself declared to us, under the attestation of an
oath, saying: ‘You will not see my face, unless you bring your
youngest brother with you.’ {43:4} If therefore you are
willing to send him with us, we will travel together, and we
will buy necessities for you. {43:5} But if you are not willing,
we will not go. For the man, as we have often said, declared
to us, saying: ‘You will not see my face without your
youngest brother.’ ” {43:6} Israel said to them, “You have
done this for my misery, in that you revealed to him that you
also had another brother.” {43:7} But they responded: “The
man questioned us in order, concerning our family: whether
our father lived, if we had a brother. And we answered him
respectively, according to what he demanded. How could we
know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother with you?’ ”
{43:8} Likewise, Judah said to his father: “Send the boy with
me, so that we may set out and be able to live, lest we and
our little ones should die. {43:9} I accept the boy; require him
at my hand. Unless I lead him back and restore him to you, I
will be guilty of a sin against you for all time. {43:10} If a
delay had not intervened, by now we would have returned
here a second time.” {43:11} Therefore, their father Israel
27
said to them: “If it is necessary to do so, then do what you
will. Take, in your vessels, from the best fruits of the land,
and carry down gifts to the man: a little resin, and honey, and
storax ointment, oil of myrrh, turpentine, and almonds.
{43:12} Also, take with you double the money, and carry
back what you found in your sacks, lest perhaps it was done
in error. {43:13} But also take your brother, and go to the
man. {43:14} Then may my Almighty God cause him to be
pleased by you. And send your brother, whom he holds, back
with you, along with this one, Benjamin. But as for me,
without my children, I will be like one who is bereaved.”
{43:15} Therefore, the men took the gifts, and double the
money, and Benjamin. And they went down into Egypt, and
they stood in the presence of Joseph. {43:16} And when he
had seen them and Benjamin together, he instructed the
steward of his house, saying: “Lead the men into the house,
and kill victims, and prepare a feast, because they will be
eating with me at midday.” {43:17} He did what he had been
ordered to do, and he brought the men into the house.
{43:18} And there, being terrified, they said one to another:
“Because of the money, which we carried back the first time
in our sacks, we have been brought in, so that he may
unleash a false accusation against us, and by violence
subjugate both us and our donkeys into servitude.”
{43:19} For this reason, approaching the steward of the
house at his door, {43:20} they said: “We beg you, lord, to
hear us. We came down once before to buy food.
{43:21} And having bought it, when we arrived at the inn,
we opened our sacks and found the money in the mouths of
the sacks, which we now have carried back in the same
amount. {43:22} But we have also brought other silver, so
that we may buy those things that are necessary for us. It is
not on our conscience who had placed it in our bags.”
{43:23} But he responded: “Peace be with you. Do not be
afraid. Your God, and the God of your father, has given you
the treasure in your sacks. As for the money that you gave to
me, I held it as a test.” And he led Simeon out to them.
{43:24} And having led them into the house, he brought
water, and they washed their feet, and he gave fodder to their
donkeys. {43:25} But they also prepared the gifts, until
Joseph entered at midday. For they had heard that they
would eat bread there. {43:26} And so Joseph entered his
house, and they offered him the gifts, holding them in their
hands. And they reverenced prone on the ground.
{43:27} But he, gently greeting them again, questioned them,
saying: “Is your father, the old man about whom you spoke
to me, in good health? Is he still alive?” {43:28} And they
answered: “Your servant, our father, is safe; he is still alive.”
And bowing, they reverenced him. {43:29} Then Joseph,
lifting up his eyes, saw Benjamin, his brother of the same
womb, and he said, “Is this your little brother, about whom
you spoke to me?” And again, he said, “May God be
compassionate to you, my son.” {43:30} And he hurried out,
because his heart had been moved over his brother, and tears
gushed out. And going into his chamber, he wept.
{43:31} And when he had washed his face, coming out again,
he composed himself, and he said, “Set out bread.”
{43:32} And when it was set out, separately for Joseph, and
separately for his brothers, likewise separately for the
Egyptians, who ate at the same time, (for it is unlawful for
Egyptians to eat with Hebrews, and they consider feasting in
this way to be profane) {43:33} they sat before him, the
firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest
according to his state of life. And they wondered exceedingly,
{43:34} taking the portions that they received from him. And
the greater portion went to Benjamin, so much so that it
exceeded five parts. And they drank and became inebriated
along with him.
[Genesis 44] {44:1} Then Joseph instructed the steward of
his house, saying: “Fill their sacks with grain, as much as
they are able to hold. And place each one’s money at the top
of the sack. {44:2} But place my silver bowl, and the price
that he gave for the wheat, in the mouth of the sack of the
youngest.” And so it was done. {44:3} And when morning
arose, they were sent away with their donkeys. {44:4} And
now they had departed from the city and had set out a short
distance. Then Joseph, sending for the steward of his house,
said: “Rise up and pursue the men. And when you have
overtaken them, say: ‘Why have you returned evil for good?
{44:5} The cup that you have stolen, it is that from which my
lord drinks, and in which he is accustomed to discern signs.
You have done a very sinful thing.’ ” {44:6} He did as he had
been ordered. And having overtaken them, he spoke to them
according to the order. {44:7} And they responded: “Why
does our lord speak in this way, as though your servants had
committed such a shameful act? {44:8} The money, which
we found at the top of our sacks, we carried back to you from
the land of Canaan. So in what way does it follow that we
would steal, from the house of your lord, gold or silver?
{44:9} Whichever of your servants will be found to have
what you seek, may he die, and we shall be the servants of
my lord.” {44:10} And he said to them: “Let it be according
to your verdict. With whomever it will be found, let him be
my servant, but you will be unharmed.” {44:11} And so, they
quickly placed their sacks down to the ground, and each one
was opened. {44:12} And when he had searched, beginning
with the oldest, all the way to the youngest, he found the cup
in Benjamin’s sack. {44:13} But they, tearing their garments
and burdening their donkeys again, returned to the town.
{44:14} And Judah, first among his brothers, entered to
Joseph (for he had not yet departed from the place) and
together they all fell down before him to the ground.
{44:15} And he said to them: “Why would you choose to act
in this way? Could you be ignorant that there is no one like
me in the knowledge of discerning signs?” {44:16} And
Judah said to him, “What could we answer to my lord? And
what would we be able to say, or to justly claim? God has
discovered the iniquity of your servants. See, we have all
become servants to my lord, both we, and he with whom the
cup was found.” {44:17} Joseph responded: “Far be it from
me that I should act in this way. He who stole the cup, he
will be my servant. But you may go away free to your
father.” {44:18} Then Judah, approaching closer, said
confidently: “I beg you, my lord, let your servant speak a
word in your ears, and do not be angry with your servant.
For you are next to Pharaoh. {44:19} My lord, you
questioned your servants before: ‘Do you have a father or a
brother?’ {44:20} And we answered you, my lord: ‘There is
our father, an old man, and a young boy, who was born in
his old age. His brother of the same womb has died, and he
alone is left to his mother and father, who truly love him
tenderly.’ {44:21} And you said to your servants, ‘Bring him
to me, and I will set my eyes on him.’ {44:22} We suggested
28
to my lord: ‘The boy is not able to leave his father. For if he
sends him away, he will die.’ {44:23} And you said to your
servants: ‘Unless your youngest brother arrives with you, you
will not see my face any more.’ {44:24} Therefore, when we
had gone up to your servant our father, we explained to him
all that my lord had spoken. {44:25} And our father said:
‘Return and buy us a little wheat.’ {44:26} And we said to
him: ‘We cannot go. If our youngest brother descends with us,
we will set out together. Otherwise, in his absence, we do not
dare to see the face of the man.’ {44:27} To which he
responded: ‘You know that my wife conceived twice by me.
{44:28} One went out, and you said, “A beast devoured
him.” And since then, he has not appeared. {44:29} If you
take this one also, and anything happens to him on the way,
you will lead my grey hairs down with grief to the grave.’
{44:30} Therefore, if I would have gone to your servant, our
father, with the boy not present, (though his life depends
upon the life of him) {44:31} and if he were to see that he is
not with us, he would die, and your servants will lead his
grey hairs down with sorrow to the grave. {44:32} Let me be
your very own servant, for I accepted this one into my trust,
and I promised, saying: ‘Unless I lead him back, I will be
guilty of a sin against my father for all time.’ {44:33} And so
I, your servant, will remain in place of the boy, in ministry to
my lord, and then let the boy go up with his brothers.
{44:34} For I cannot return to my father without the boy, lest
I appear as a witness to the calamity that will oppress my
father.”
[Genesis 45] {45:1} Joseph was unable to restrain himself
any longer, standing before so many. Therefore, he instructed
that all should go outside, and that no stranger should be
among them as they recognized one another. {45:2} And he
lifted up his voice with weeping, which the Egyptians heard,
along with the entire house of Pharaoh. {45:3} And he said
to his brothers: “I am Joseph. Is my father still alive?” His
brothers were unable to respond, being terrified by a very
great fear. {45:4} And he said to them mildly, “Approach
toward me.” And when they had approached close by, he
said: “I am Joseph, your brother, whom you sold into Egypt.
{45:5} Do not be afraid, and let it not seem to you to be a
hardship that you sold me into these regions. For God sent
me before you into Egypt for your salvation. {45:6} For it is
two years since the famine began to be upon the land, and
five years more remain, in which there can be neither
plowing, nor reaping. {45:7} And God sent me ahead, so that
you may be preserved upon the earth, and so that you would
be able to have food in order to live. {45:8} I was sent here,
not by your counsel, but by the will of God. He has caused
me to be like a father to Pharaoh, and to be the lord of his
entire house, as well as governor throughout all the land of
Egypt. {45:9} Hurry, and go up to my father, and say to him:
‘Your son Joseph commands this: God has caused me to be
lord of the entire land of Egypt. Come down to me, do not
delay, {45:10} and you will live in the land of Goshen. And
you will be next to me, you and your sons and the sons of
your sons, your sheep and your herds, and all that you
possess. {45:11} And there I will pasture you, (for there are
still five years of famine remaining) lest both you and your
house perish, along with all that you possess.’ {45:12} Behold,
your eyes and the eyes of my brother Benjamin can see that it
is my mouth speaking to you. {45:13} You will report to my
father about all my glory, and about all that you have seen in
Egypt. Hurry, and bring him to me.” {45:14} And then
falling upon the neck of his brother Benjamin, he embraced
him and wept. And likewise, Benjamin wept at the same time
on his neck. {45:15} And Joseph kissed all his brothers, and
he cried over each one. After this, they were emboldened to
speak to him. {45:16} And it was overheard, and the news
spread by word throughout the king’s court. The brothers of
Joseph had arrived, and Pharaoh was gladdened along with
all his family. {45:17} And he told Joseph that he should
command his brothers, saying: “ ‘Burden your beasts, and go
into the land of Canaan, {45:18} and take from there your
father and kindred, and come to me. And I will give you all
the good things of Egypt, so that you may eat from the
marrow of the land.’ ” {45:19} “And you may even instruct
that they take wagons from the land of Egypt, in order to
transport their little ones as well as their wives. And say:
‘Take your father, and come quickly, as soon as possible.
{45:20} You need not give up anything from your household,
for all the riches of Egypt will be yours.’ ” {45:21} And the
sons of Israel did just as they were commanded. And Joseph
gave them wagons, according to the command of Pharaoh,
and provisions for the journey. {45:22} Likewise, he ordered
two robes for each of them to be brought. Yet truly, to
Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver along with
five of the best robes. {45:23} And he sent just as much
money and clothing to his father, adding also ten male
donkeys, with which to transport all the riches of Egypt, and
as many female donkeys, carrying wheat and bread for the
journey. {45:24} Thus he sent away his brothers, and as they
set out he said, “Do not become angry on the way.”
{45:25} And they ascended out of Egypt, and they arrived in
the land of Canaan, to their father Jacob. {45:26} And they
reported to him, saying: “Your son Joseph is alive, and he is
ruler throughout all the land of Egypt. When Jacob heard this,
he was stirred up, as if from a deep sleep, yet he did not
believe them. {45:27} To the contrary, they explained the
entire matter in order. And when he had seen the wagons,
and all that he had sent, his spirit revived, {45:28} and he
said: “It is enough for me, if my son Joseph is still alive. I will
go and see him before I die.”
[Genesis 46] {46:1} And Israel, setting out with all that he
had, arrived at the Well of the Oath. And sacrificing victims
there to the God of his father Isaac, {46:2} he heard him, by
a vision in the night, calling him, and saying to him: “Jacob,
Jacob.” And he answered him, “Behold, here I am.”
{46:3} God said to him: “I am the most strong God of your
father. Do not be afraid. Descend into Egypt, for there I will
make of you a great nation. {46:4} I will descend with you to
that place, and I will lead you back from there, returning.
Also, Joseph will place his hands over your eyes.
{46:5} Then Jacob rose up from the Well of the Oath. And
his sons took him, with their little ones and wives, in the
wagons that Pharaoh had sent to carry the old man,
{46:6} along with all that he possessed in the land of Canaan.
And he arrived in Egypt with all his offspring: {46:7} his sons
and his grandsons, his daughters and all his progeny together.
{46:8} Now these are the names of the sons of Israel, who
entered into Egypt, he with his children. The firstborn is
Reuben. {46:9} The sons of Reuben: Hanoch and Pallu, and
Hezron and Carmi. {46:10} The sons of Simeon: Jemuel and
29
Jamin and Ohad, and Jachin and Zohar, and Shaul, the son
of a Canaanite woman. {46:11} The sons of Levi: Gershon
and Kohath, and Merari. {46:12} The sons of Judah: Er and
Onan, and Shelah, and Perez and Zerah. Now Er and Onan
died in the land of Canaan. And sons were born to Perez:
Hezron and Hamul. {46:13} The sons of Issachar: Tola and
Puvah, and Job and Shimron. {46:14} The sons of Zebulun:
Sered and Elon and Jahleel. {46:15} These are the sons of
Leah, whom she bore, along with his daughter Dinah, in
Mesopotamia of Syria. All the souls of her sons and
daughters are thirty-three. {46:16} The sons of Gad: Ziphion
and Haggi, and Shuni and Ezbon, and Eri and Arodi, and
Areli. {46:17} The sons of Asher: Imnah and Jesua, and
Jessui and Beriah, and also their sister Sarah. The sons of
Beria: Heber and Malchiel. {46:18} These are the sons of
Zilpah, whom Laban gave to his daughter Leah. And these
she bore to Jacob: sixteen souls. {46:19} The sons of Rachel,
the wife of Jacob: Joseph and Benjamin. {46:20} And sons
were born to Joseph in the land of Egypt, whom Asenath, the
daughter of Potiphera, priest of Heliopolis, bore for him:
Manasseh and Ephraim. {46:21} The sons of Benjamin: Bela
and Becher, and Ashbel and Gera, and Naaman and Ehi, and
Rosh and Moppim, and Huppim and Ard. {46:22} These are
the sons of Rachel, whom she bore to Jacob: all these souls
are fourteen. {46:23} The sons of Dan: Hushim. {46:24} The
sons of Naphtali: Jahzeel and Guni, and Jezer and Shillem.
{46:25} These are the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to
his daughter Rachel, and these she bore to Jacob: all these
souls are seven. {46:26} All the souls who went into Egypt
with Jacob and who went out from his thigh, besides the
wives of his sons, were sixty-six. {46:27} Now the sons of
Joseph, who were born to him in the land of Egypt, were two
souls. All the souls of the house of Jacob, who went into
Egypt, were seventy. {46:28} Then he sent Judah ahead of
himself, to Joseph, in order to report to him, and so that he
would meet him in Goshen. {46:29} And when he had
arrived there, Joseph harnessed his chariot, and he went up to
meet his father at the same place. And seeing him, he fell
upon his neck, and, amid embraces, he wept. {46:30} And
the father said to Joseph, “Now I will die happy, because I
have seen your face, and I am leaving you behind alive.”
{46:31} And he said to his brothers and to all his father’s
house: “I will go up and report to Pharaoh, and I will say to
him: ‘My brothers, and my father’s house, who were in the
land of Canaan, have come to me. {46:32} And these
honorable men are pastors of sheep, and they have the task of
feeding the flock. Their cattle, and herds, and all that they
were able to hold, they have brought with them.’
{46:33} And when he will call you and will say, ‘What is
your work?’ {46:34} You will respond, ‘Your servants are
pastors of honor, from our infancy even to the present time,
both we and our fathers.’ Now you will say this so that you
may be able to live in the land of Goshen, because the
Egyptians detest all pastors of sheep.”
[Genesis 47] {47:1} And so Joseph entered and reported to
Pharaoh, saying: “My father and brothers, their sheep and
herds, and everything that they possess, have arrived from the
land of Canaan. And behold, they stand together in the land
of Goshen.” {47:2} Likewise, he stood in the sight of the king
five men, the last of his brothers. {47:3} And he questioned
them, “What do you have for work?” They responded: “Your
servants are pastors of sheep, both we and our fathers.
{47:4} We came to sojourn in your land, because there is no
grass for the flocks of your servants, the famine being very
grievous in the land of Canaan. And we petition you that you
may order us, your servants, to be in the land of Goshen.”
{47:5} And so the king said to Joseph: “Your father and
brothers have come to you. {47:6} The land of Egypt is in
your sight. Cause them to live in the best place, and deliver to
them the land of Goshen. And if you know there to be
industrious men among them, appoint these as foremen over
my cattle.” {47:7} After this, Joseph brought in his father to
the king, and he stood him in his sight. He blessed him,
{47:8} and he questioned him: “How many are the days of
the years of your life?” {47:9} He responded, “The days of
my sojourn are one hundred and thirty years, few and
unworthy, and they do not reach even to the days of the
sojourning of my fathers.” {47:10} And blessing the king, he
went outside. {47:11} Truly, Joseph gave his father and
brothers a possession in Egypt, in the best place of the land,
in Rameses, as Pharaoh had instructed. {47:12} And he fed
them, along with all his father’s house, providing portions of
food to each one. {47:13} For in the whole world there was a
lack of bread, and a famine had oppressed the land, most of
all Egypt and Canaan, {47:14} from which he gathered
together all the money for the grain that they bought, and he
took it into the treasury of the king. {47:15} And when the
buyers had run out of money, all Egypt came to Joseph,
saying: “Give us bread. Why should we die in your sight,
lacking money?” {47:16} And he responded to them: “Bring
me your cattle, and I will give food to you in exchange for
them, if you do not have money.” {47:17} And when they
had brought them, he gave them food for their horses, and
sheep, and oxen, and donkeys. And he sustained them in that
year in exchange for their cattle. {47:18} Likewise, they came
the second year, and they said to him: “We will not conceal
from our lord that our money is gone; likewise our cattle are
gone. Neither are you unaware that we have nothing left but
our bodies and our land. {47:19} Therefore, why should you
watch us die? Both we and our land will be yours. Buy us
into royal servitude, but provide seed, lest by the dying off of
cultivators the land be reduced to a wilderness.”
{47:20} Therefore, Joseph bought all the land of Egypt, each
one selling his possessions because of the magnitude of the
famine. And he subjected it to Pharaoh, {47:21} along with
all of its people, from the newest borders of Egypt, even to its
furthest limits, {47:22} except the land of the priests, which
had been delivered to them by the king. To these also a
portion of food was supplied out of the public storehouses,
and, for this reason, they were not compelled to sell their
possessions. {47:23} Therefore, Joseph said to the people:
“So, as you discern, both you and your lands are possessed
by Pharaoh; take seed and sow the fields, {47:24} so that you
may be able to have grain. One fifth part you will give to the
king; the remaining four I permit to you, as seed and as food
for your families and children. {47:25} And they responded:
“Our health is in your hand; only let our lord look kindly
upon us, and we will serve the king with gladness.”
{47:26} From that time, even to the present day, in the entire
land of Egypt, the fifth part is turned over to the kings, and it
has become like a law, except in the land of the priests, which
was free from this condition. {47:27} And so, Israel lived in
Egypt, that is, in the land of Goshen, and he possessed it.
30
And he increased and was multiplied exceedingly.
{47:28} And he lived in it seventeen years. And all the days
of his life that passed were one hundred and forty-seven years.
{47:29} And when he discerned that the day of his death was
approaching, he called his son Joseph, and he said to him: “If
I have found favor in your sight, place your hand under my
thigh. And you shall show me mercy and truth, not to bury
me in Egypt. {47:30} But I shall sleep with my fathers, and
you will carry me from this land and bury me in the sepulcher
of my ancestors.” And Joseph answered him, “I will do what
you have ordered.” {47:31} And he said, “Then swear it to
me.” And as he was swearing, Israel adored God, turning to
the head of his resting place.
[Genesis 48] {48:1} After these things were done, it was
reported to Joseph that his father was sick. And taking his
two sons Manasseh and Ephraim, he went directly to him.
{48:2} And it was told to the old man, “Behold, your son
Joseph is coming to you.” And being strengthened, he sat up
in bed. {48:3} And when he had entered to him, he said:
“Almighty God appeared to me at Luz, which is in the land
of Canaan, and he blessed me. {48:4} And he said: ‘I will
increase and multiply you, and I will make you influential
among the people. And I will give this land to you, and to
your offspring after you, as an everlasting possession.’
{48:5} Therefore, your two sons, who were born to you in
the land of Egypt before I came here to you, will be mine.
Ephraim and Manasseh will be treated by me just like
Reuben and Simeon. {48:6} But the remainder, whom you
will conceive after them, will be yours, and they will be called
by the name of their brothers among their possessions.
{48:7} As for me, when I came from Mesopotamia, Rachel
died in the land of Canaan on the very journey, and it was
springtime. And I entered Ephrath and buried her next to the
way of Ephrath, which by another name is called
Bethlehem.” {48:8} Then, seeing his sons, he said to him:
“Who are these?” {48:9} He responded, “They are my sons,
whom God gave to me as a gift in this place.” “Bring them to
me,” he said, “so that I may bless them.” {48:10} For Israel’s
eyes were clouded by reason of his great age, and he was
unable to see clearly. And when they were placed up against
him, he kissed and embraced them. {48:11} And he said to
his son: “I have not been cheated out of seeing you.
Moreover, God has shown me your offspring.” {48:12} And
when Joseph had taken them from his father’s lap, he
reverenced prone on the ground. {48:13} And he placed
Ephraim on his right, that is, towards the left hand of Israel.
Yet truly Manasseh was on his left, namely, towards his
father’s right hand. And he placed them both up against him.
{48:14} And he, extending his right hand, placed it over the
head of Ephraim, the younger brother, but the left hand was
on the head of Manasseh, who was the elder, so that his
hands were crossed. {48:15} And Jacob blessed the sons of
Joseph, and he said: “God, in whose sight my fathers
Abraham and Isaac walked, God who pastured me from my
youth until the present day, {48:16} the Angel, who rescues
me from all evils: bless these boys. And let my name be
invoked over them, and also the names of my fathers,
Abraham and Isaac. And may they increase into a multitude
across the earth.” {48:17} But Joseph, seeing that his father
had placed his right hand over the head of Ephraim, took it
gravely. And grasping his father’s hand, he tried to lift it from
Ephraim’s head and transfer it onto the head of Manasseh.
{48:18} And he said to his father: “It should not have come
to pass this way, father. For this one is the firstborn. Place
your right hand over his head.” {48:19} But refusing, he said:
“I know, my son, I know. And this one, indeed, will be
among the people and will be multiplied. But his younger
brother will be greater than he. And his offspring will increase
among the nations.” {48:20} And he blessed them at that
time, saying: “In you, Israel will be blessed, and it will be said:
‘May God treat you like Ephraim, and like Manasseh.’ ” And
he established Ephraim before Manasseh. {48:21} And he
said to his son Joseph: “See, I am dying, and God will be
with you, and he will lead you back to the land of your
fathers. {48:22} I give you one part beyond that of your
brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my
sword and my bow.”
[Genesis 49] {49:1} Then Jacob called his sons, and he said
to them: “Gather together, so that I may announce what will
happen to you in the last days. {49:2} Gather together and
listen, O sons of Jacob. Listen to Israel, your father.
{49:3} Reuben, my firstborn, you are my strength and the
beginning of my sorrow: first in gifts, greater in authority.
{49:4} You are being poured out like water, may you not
increase. For you climbed onto your father’s bed, and you
defiled his resting place. {49:5} The brothers Simeon and
Levi: vessels of iniquity waging war. {49:6} Let not my soul
go by their counsel, nor my glory be within their meeting. For
in their fury they killed a man, and in their self-will they
undermined a wall. {49:7} Cursed be their fury, because it
was obstinate, and their indignation, because it was harsh. I
will divide them in Jacob, and I will scatter them in Israel.
{49:8} Judah, your brothers will praise you. Your hand will
be at the necks of your enemies; the sons of your father will
reverence you. {49:9} Judah is a lion’s young. You have gone
up to the prey, my son. While resting, you have lain like a
lion. And just like a lioness, who would rouse him?
{49:10} The scepter from Judah and the leader from his thigh
will not be taken away, until he who will be sent arrives, and
he will be the expectation of Gentiles. {49:11} Tying his
young colt to the vineyard, and his donkey, O my son, to the
vine, he will wash his robe in wine, and his cloak in the blood
of the grape. {49:12} His eyes are more beautiful than wine,
and his teeth whiter than milk. {49:13} Zebulun will live at
the seashore and by the outpost of ships, reaching as far as
Sidon. {49:14} Issachar will be a strong donkey, reclining
between the borders. {49:15} He saw that rest would be good,
and that the land was excellent. And so he bent his shoulder
to carry, and he became a servant under tribute. {49:16} Dan
will judge his people just like any other tribe in Israel.
{49:17} Let Dan be a snake in the way, a viper in the path,
biting the hooves of horses, so that his rider may fall
backward. {49:18} I will wait for your salvation, O Lord.
{49:19} Gad, being girded, will fight before him. And he
himself will be girded backward. {49:20} Asher: his bread
will be fat, and he will provide delicacies to the kings.
{49:21} Naphtali is a stag sent forth, offering words of
eloquent beauty. {49:22} Joseph is a growing son, a growing
son and stately to behold; the daughters run back and forth
on the wall. {49:23} But those who held darts, provoked him,
and they contend with him, and they envied him. {49:24} His
bow sits in strength, and the bands of his arms and hands
31
have been let loose by the hands of the mighty one of Jacob.
From there he went forth as a pastor, the stone of Israel.
{49:25} The God of your father will be your helper, and the
Almighty will bless you with the blessings of heaven above,
with the blessings of the abyss that lies beneath, with the
blessings of the breasts and of the womb. {49:26} The
blessings of your father are strengthened by the blessings of
his fathers, until the desire of the hills of eternity shall arrive.
May they be at the head of Joseph, and at the summit of the
Nazarite, among his brothers. {49:27} Benjamin is a
ravenous wolf, in the morning he will eat the prey, and in the
evening he will divide the spoil.” {49:28} All these are the
twelve tribes of Israel. These things their father spoke to them,
and he blessed each one with their proper blessings.
{49:29} And he instructed them, saying: “I am being
gathered to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the
double cave, which is in the field of Ephron the Hittite,
{49:30} opposite Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which
Abraham bought, along with its field, from Ephron the
Hittite, as a possession for burial. {49:31} There they buried
him, with his wife Sarah.” And there Isaac was buried with
his wife Rebekah. There also Leah lies preserved.
{49:32} And having finished these commands by which he
instructed his sons, he drew his feet onto the bed, and he
passed away. And he was gathered to his people.
[Genesis 50] {50:1} Joseph, realizing this, fell upon his
father’s face, weeping and kissing him. {50:2} And he
instructed his servant physicians to embalm his father with
aromatics. {50:3} And while they were fulfilling his orders,
forty days passed. For this was the method of embalming
dead bodies. And Egypt wept for him for seventy days.
{50:4} And when the time for mourning was fulfilled, Joseph
spoke to the family of Pharaoh: “If I have found favor in your
sight, speak to the ears of Pharaoh. {50:5} For my father
made me swear, saying: ‘See, I am dying. You shall bury me
in my sepulcher which I dug for myself in the land of
Canaan.’ Therefore, I shall go up and bury my father, and
then return.” {50:6} And Pharaoh said to him, “Go up and
bury your father, just as he made you swear.” {50:7} So as he
went up, all the elders of the house of Pharaoh went with him,
along with every patriarch in the land of Egypt, {50:8} and
the house of Joseph with his brothers, except their little ones
and flocks and also the herds, which they left behind in the
land of Goshen. {50:9} Likewise, he had in his company
chariots and horsemen. And it became a crowd without
restraint. {50:10} And they arrived at the threshing place of
Atad, which is situated beyond the Jordan. There they spent
seven full days celebrating the funeral rites with a great and
vehement lamentation. {50:11} And when the inhabitants of
the land of Canaan had seen this, they said, “This is a great
Lamentation for the Egyptians.” And for this reason, the
name of that place was called, “The Lamentation of Egypt.”
{50:12} And so, the sons of Jacob did just as he had
instructed them. {50:13} And carrying him into the land of
Canaan, they buried him in the double cave, which Abraham
had bought along with its field, from Ephron the Hittite, as a
possession for burial, opposite Mamre. {50:14} And Joseph
returned into Egypt with his brothers and all those of his
company, having buried his father. {50:15} Now that he was
dead, his brothers were afraid, and they said to one another:
“Perhaps now he may remember the injury that he suffered
and requite us for all the evil that we did to him.” {50:16} So
they sent a message to him, saying: “Your father instructed
us before he died, {50:17} that we should say these words to
you from him: ‘I beg you to forget the wickedness of your
brothers, and the sin and malice that they practiced against
you.’ Likewise, we petition you to release the servants of the
God of your father from this iniquity.” Hearing this, Joseph
wept. {50:18} And his brothers went to him. And reverencing
prostrate on the ground, they said, “We are your servants.”
{50:19} And he answered them: “Do not be afraid. Are we
able to resist the will of God? {50:20} You devised evil
against me. But God turned it into good, so that he might
exalt me, just as you presently discern, and so that he might
bring about the salvation of many peoples. {50:21} Do not be
afraid. I will pasture you and your little ones.” And he
consoled them, and he spoke mildly and leniently.
{50:22} And he lived in Egypt with all his father’s house; and
he survived for one hundred and ten years. And he saw the
sons of Ephraim to the third generation. Likewise, the sons of
Machir, the son of Manasseh, were born onto Joseph’s knees.
{50:23} After these things happened, he said to his brothers:
“God will visit you after my death, and he will make you
ascend from this land into the land which he swore to
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” {50:24} And when he had
made them swear and had said, “God will visit you; carry my
bones with you from this place,” {50:25} he died, having
completed one hundred and ten years of his life. And having
been embalmed with aromatics, he was laid to rest in a coffin
in Egypt.


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